Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near The Dalles in Wasco County, Oregon — The American West (Northwest)
 

Greatest Indian Fishery of the Northwest

 
 
Greatest Indian Fishery of the Northwest Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 1, 2017
1. Greatest Indian Fishery of the Northwest Marker
Captions: (center) "We arrived a 5 Large Lodges of nativs drying and prepareing fish for market..." -- William Clark, October 22, 1805.
Inscription. Before The Dalles Dam was built, the Columbia River plunged over Celilo Falls and cut through the Narrows or Five Mile Rapids. Although obstacles to navigation, the falls created the regionís greatest fishing site. For more than 10,000 years Sahaptin and Chinookan peoples lined the shore and braved the currents to plunge dipnets into massive runs of fish.
Consistent winds enabled the Indians to wind-dry their catch. They filleted fish and hung them in plank-covered drying sheds. The Indians pounded the dried fish, wrapped it in fish skins, packed it in baskets, and raised these into stacks covered with matting. “Thus preserved,” wrote Clark, “those fish may be kept Sound and Sweet Several years.”

(side-bar, on right:)
Indians living along the Columbia tried to secure every piece of driftwood. The needed wood to frame their lodges, fish-drying structures, and burial vaults, as well as for fuel. At Miller Island, near the mouth of the Deschutes River, William Clark wrote: "we saw large logs of wood which must have been rafted sown the To war-ne hi ooks (Deschutes River)" The expedition bartered hard for scraps of firewood.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Lewis & Clark Expedition marker series.
 
Location.
Greatest Indian Fishery of the Northwest Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 1, 2017
2. Greatest Indian Fishery of the Northwest Marker
Maker on the right
45° 39.024′ N, 120° 57.642′ W. Marker is near The Dalles, Oregon, in Wasco County. Marker can be reached from Oregon Route 206 near Interstate 84, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. The marker is located in Celilo Park near the parking lot. Celilo Park is accessed from Interstate 84 at Exit 97. Marker is in this post office area: The Dalles OR 97058, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Lewis and Clark Expedition (a few steps from this marker); Ancient Indian Fishing Grounds (within shouting distance of this marker); Celilo Falls Fishing Grounds (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Deschutes River Crossing (approx. 2.6 miles away); Deschutes River Crossing Oregon Trail Kiosk (approx. 2.8 miles away); First Sight of the Columbia River (approx. 5.7 miles away); Sam Hill Country (approx. 7.6 miles away in Washington); Stonehenge (approx. 8.1 miles away in Washington). Touch for a list and map of all markers in The Dalles.
 
Categories. ExplorationNative AmericansWaterways & Vessels
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 29, 2017. This page originally submitted on December 29, 2017, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 68 times since then and 17 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on December 29, 2017, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.
Paid Advertisement