Mobridge in Walworth County, South Dakota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Lewis & Clark meet the Arikaras
By the 1500s, the descendants of the Skiri Pawnee People, the Arikara (or Ree) Indians, inhabited this area. Twelve village bands lived along the Missouri River in present-day South Dakota. Three of the villages were near the mouth of the Grand River.
The Arikaras, who refer to themselves as the Spanish people, lived for centuries in earth lodge dwellings in farming communities. When Lewis and Clark traveled through here, they noticed a number of abandoned villages. By this time, the Arikaras had suffered grave population losses due to an influx of smallpox that began in 1780. Later, the remaining Arikaras moved northward and settled north of present day Bismarck, North Dakota, near the Mandan and Hidatsa villages.
"those Indians Cultivate on the Island Corn Beens Simmins, Tobacco …after Landing Capt. Lewis with Mr. Gravelin and 3 men went to the Village, I formed a Camp on Shore…"
Captain William Clark
Monday, October 8, 1804
(Background) Karl Bodmer drew this abandoned Arikara village near present-day Mobridge, South Dakota in 1833. The Arikara had left the area due to drought and absence of buffalo; they may have moved further inland to find food.
This young man, with beaded representation of bear claws on his
Erected by Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Lewis & Clark Expedition marker series.
Location. 45° 32.673′ N, 100° 27.318′ W. Marker is in Mobridge, South Dakota, in Walworth County. Marker is on Lewis & Clark Interpretive Trail 1 0.6 miles from 20th Street W. Touch for map. Park at the corner of 20th Street W. and W. Railway Street. Walk down the trail .6 miles to the markers. Marker is in this post office area: Mobridge SD 57601, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. River of Hardship (here, next to this marker); History Beneath the Waters (approx. 0.4 miles away); "MO.Bridge" (approx. 0.4 miles away); "Fool Soldier Band" (approx. half a mile away); Mobridge Bridge (approx. half a mile away); Ensign Nathaniel Pryor (approx. half a mile away); Lewis & Clark (approx. half a mile away); Pierre Choteau (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Mobridge.
Categories. • Exploration • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on January 2, 2018. This page originally submitted on January 1, 2018, by Ruth VanSteenwyk of Aberdeen, South Dakota. This page has been viewed 41 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on January 1, 2018, by Ruth VanSteenwyk of Aberdeen, South Dakota. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.