Austin in Travis County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Artesian Well and East Drinking Fountain
The artesian well completed at this site in 1889 furnished an ample and inexpensive water supply for the new Capitol. At a depth of about 1,550 feet, natural pressure forced water from the Trinity aquifer to the surface. The powerful flow of water satisfied drinking, sanitary and fire protection needs for the Capitol. A coal-fired boiler converted the well water into steam, which turned the building's first electric generator, and circulated through radiators to warm the Capitol's interiors. The abundance of well water for irrigation made possible the first landscape improvements, including a lawn of sod and more than a 100 new trees. A cast-iron drinking fountain placed over the well in 1903, provided continuously running well water and metal drinking cups hanging from chains. Convinced that the mineralized water possessed medicinal value, visitors hauled it away in bottles for the next 73 years. In 1928, a granite water fountain replaced the cast-iron fixture. Officials closed the well in 1980 due to more stringent water quality standards. This reproduction fountain, installed in 1996, provides safe drinking water with a gentle step on the foot lever.
Erected by The State of Texas.
Location. 30° 16.44′ N, 97° Touch for map. Marker and subject fountain are located along the pedestrian walkway, near the Texas State Capitol main (south) entrance. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1100 Congress Avenue, Austin TX 78701, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Cisterns (within shouting distance of this marker); Hood’s Texas Brigade Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Terry’s Texas Rangers Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Southern Confederacy Monument (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); 1928 Granite Water Fountain (about 400 feet away); Terry Rangers Monument (about 400 feet away); The Archive War (about 400 feet away); General Land Office Building of 1856-57 (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Austin.
Also see . . .
1. The Texas Capitol Grounds: A Self-Guided Tour.
(includes description of various monuments, memorials and landmarks around the Texas State Capitol grounds) (Submitted on January 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
2. Texas Capitol Grounds.
(Detail photos of the 1996 reproduction fountain) (Submitted on January 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Categories. • Man-Made Features •
Credits. This page was last revised on January 3, 2018. This page originally submitted on January 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 54 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on January 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.