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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Canyonville in Douglas County, Oregon — The American West (Northwest)
 

Homeland of the Cow Creeks

 
 
Homeland of the Cow Creeks Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 21, 2017
1. Homeland of the Cow Creeks Marker
Inscription. This portion of the southwest Oregon is homeland to the Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Indians. They thrived here for thousands of years before contact with Euro-Americans. Living in plank-house villages, they followed a seasonal round of resource use. Moving from summer camas meadows and salmon fisheries along the rivers to the high country, they picked huckleberries and hunted for deer in the fall. By late fall they returned to the valleys to collect acorns and prepare for winter.
A rapid influx of miners and settlers after the discovery of gold in 1851 forever changed the Cow Creek world. Critical food sources declined and the newcomers brought infectious diseases – Chief Miwaleta was among the casualties. Within a few years the tribe was reduced to starvation. The loss of land and resources led to violent confrontations throughout the region.
Despite a treaty with the US Government – one of Oregonís first – clearly defining boundaries of their homelands, a federal program of Indian removal attempted to forcibly remove the Cow Creeks to reservations in northwest Oregon. Many members eluded capture by hiding in remote parts of the region – seven core families maintained a continuous presence in the area. The U.S. Government ceased pursuing them by the 1870s, and tribal families began to gradually emerge
Homeland of the Cow Creeks Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 21, 2017
2. Homeland of the Cow Creeks Marker
from hiding.
 
Erected by Oregon Travel Information Council.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Oregon Beaver Boards marker series.
 
Location. 42° 56.58′ N, 123° 17.604′ W. Marker is in Canyonville, Oregon, in Douglas County. Marker can be reached from Creekside Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Canyonville OR 97417, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 2 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Canyonville Applegate Trail Kiosk (approx. 1.4 miles away); Canyon Creek (approx. 3.9 miles away).
 
More about this marker. This marker is at Jordan Creek Rest Area which is located on the west side of Interstate 5 at Exit 99.
 
Categories. Native Americans
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on February 11, 2018. This page originally submitted on January 17, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 51 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on January 17, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.
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