Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
San Joaqun in Municipality of Cadereyta de Montes, Quertaro, Mexico — The Central Highlands
 

The History and Natural Environment of Toluquilla

 
 
"The Original Name of the Site" Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 9, 2017
1. "The Original Name of the Site" Marker
There are many of these smaller, ceramic markers along the walkway at Toluquilla from the parking area up to the small visitors center. Most are related to natural topics, but some of those shown on this page are related to the site's history.
Inscription.

El Nombre Original del Sitio
No se sabe, as, el nombre original de la ciudad pues esta se encontraba ya abandonada a la llegada de los espaoles. Se desconoce tambin que grupo la habitaba y su lengua. Se presume, sin embargo, que tuvo relacin con Huastecos, Pames y, tal vez, Otomes.

Hh:
El Nombre Original del Sitio
Ngtho xki tsohni nbu mi zooho y mboho, hindi pdihe t m thuuhu bi thtsubi r hnini y nngu ha hndi pdihe to gue my mehnini.

English:
The Original Name of the Site
Since the site was abandoned when the Spanish arrived, both the original name given to the city by the first inhabitants, as well as the indigenous group to which these people belonged is unknown. It is presumed, however, this group was related to the Huastecos, Pames and perhaps Otomes.
 
Erected by Instituto Nacional de Antropologa e Historia (INAH).
 
Location. 20° 53.078′ N, 99° 31.866′ W. Marker is in San Joaqun, Quertaro, in Municipality of Cadereyta de Montes. Marker can be reached from Unnamed road just west of Carretera San Joaqun-Quertaro. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: San Joaqun, Quertaro 76529, Mexico.
 
Other nearby markers.
An additional marker, "The Original Name of Toluquilla" image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 9, 2017
2. An additional marker, "The Original Name of Toluquilla"
This additional marker is also along the walkway up to the visitors center and site entrance. It reads:


El Nombre de Toluquilla
En esta regin habitaban grupos Chichimecas entre los que haba Pames, Jonaces y Ximpeces, quienes fueron exterminados por los espaoles. Estos trajeron entonces pobladores mexicas que renombraron los parajes y cerros. As, Toluquilla viene de una palabra nhuatl que significa Cerro Jorobado; el nombre se debe a la vista que tiene desde el norte.

Hh:
El Nombre de Toluquilla
Tolukiya br ehe h r noya ndeshn, ge r boni r ndok toho o nkostha toho. Nbu Monda m o r ye tsuthui y mboho unu bi m ge nun hydi ja m bukua y makhu Chichimecas, geu hraza m bui ngu y pme, Jonaces ne y ximpeses; ya mbho bi medi na tuitho x juati gtho y memhai ha b tsl mra y rayo nangu, y ndshn ha geu, bi yopi bi humpbi y thuhu nuya y hydi ne y toho.

English:
The Original Name of Toluquilla
This region was inhabited by the Chichimecas, composed of various groups such as the Pames, Jonaces and Ximpeces. Eventually all were exterminated by the Spaniards who subsequently brought in new inhabitants, the Mexicas, who renamed the sites of the area. Therefore Toluquilla comes from the nhuatl word meaning stooped, or humpbacked hill.
At least 8 other markers are within 6 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Archaeological Work at Toluquilla (within shouting distance of this marker); Ball Court One (within shouting distance of this marker); Place of the Magueyes (about 180 meters away, measured in a direct line); Ball Court Two (approx. 0.2 kilometers away); The National Huapango Dance Contest (approx. 5.1 kilometers away); a different marker also named Ball Court Two (approx. 5.7 kilometers away); Ball Court Three (approx. 5.8 kilometers away); Las Ranas and the Access Complex (approx. 5.8 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in San Joaqun.
 
More about this marker. The marker is at Toluquilla Archaeological Site, turning on to an unnamed road some few kilometers from the town of San Joaqun on Route 120 towards Quertaro. This and other similar markers are along the walking path from the parking area up to the small visitors center and site entrance.
 
Categories. AnthropologyNative Americans
 
Flora y Fauna, an additional nearby marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 9, 2017
3. Flora y Fauna, an additional nearby marker
Flora y Fauna
Este cerro tiene un bosque donde predominan rboles como el encino, el madroo y el pino, adems de otras especies. Era habitado por una gran cantidad de animales: venados, pumas, ocelotes, coyotes, zorras, ardillas, armadillos, aves (locales y migratorias), insectos y reptiles; actualmente, ya es difcil encontrar muchas de estas especies, ya que la caza las ha exterminado o han desaparecido por la tala inmoderada. El bosque que hoy cubre el sitio data apenas de los ltimos 100 aos; el anterior fue arrasada por un incendio que dej solamente algunos rboles.

Hh:
Flora y Fauna
Nn toho petsi na r mboza hbu ja judi y mza, r mdrono en r tudi, en mra y za. M bui ndunthi yu mbni ngu r fantho, puma, ocelote, mio, haho, min, nkinjua, y tsntsu (y mehai en y nzho), y zuue en y ke; hngo r nge, ndunthi nya y zuue mpaya x hei d tsusi ngtho xi x tseti y za en xi x nja y mzuue x juati ndunthi y zuue m buiua. R mboza ge mpaya kmi nn hydi petsi nya y gx nthebe njeya, ngtho un m ja r mdi bi meti na r nzti ge bi zogi na hngu y za.

English:
Flora and Fauna
Oak, madrone and pine predominate in the mountain forest found here. In the past it was inhabited by an abundance of deer, puma, ocelot, cayote, fox, squirrels, armadillos, birds (both resident and migrant) as well as a variety of insects and reptiles. However, indiscriminate logging and hunting have decimated many of these species. The present forest consists of growth from the last 100 years, a fire having destroyed most of the previous one.
An additional nearby marker on the Valleys of North Quertaro image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 9, 2017
4. An additional nearby marker on the Valleys of North Quertaro
Valles del Norte de Quertaro
Al norte del Estado de Quertaro, dos grandes macizos forman un conjunto de valles muy bajos (600 a 900 msnm); su clima es caluroso y lluvioso y estn cubiertos por selva baja. Ah se encuentran, entre otros, los poblados de Landa de Matamoros, Jalpan de Serra y Conc, que albergan riquezas como las Misiones Franciscanas coloniales y diversas bellezas naturales.

Hh:
Valles del Norte de Quertaro
Rin ge mhuifi r ngut tsuthui Ndmxei, yho y dtho x ui na mtsi y btha geu ngtho hinte x hetsi (600 ra tsudi 900 metro di ge hbu tse r ndehe) ntsdi xpa, ui ha x gmi na r dmboza tsu tgi. Mpaya h nya y hydi ja r njani y hnini Landa de Matamoros, Jalpan de Serra, en Conca, geu ra; petsi y memti ngu y mhni ntemei Franciscana nu y mhni ntemei Franciscana nu y hmu Monda mi o y yetsuthui y mbho, na r thanki y hai xi tsangza.

English:
Valleys of Northern Quertaro
Two large mountain blocks in the north of the state form a group of low valleys (600 to 900 meters above sea level), in which the climate is hot and rainy and low forest covers it. Today, the towns of Landa de Matamoros, Jalpan de Serra, and Conc, among others, are found here. They contain such treasures as the Franciscan missions from the colonial period, splendid scenery, and diverse natural beauties.
A nearby, additional marker on Geography and Climate of the area image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 9, 2017
5. A nearby, additional marker on Geography and Climate of the area
This additional marker is at about the halfway point on the walk up to the site. It reads:


Geografa y Clima
Frente a usted se observa, al fondo, una gran barrera de montaas; se trata del macizo donde se asienta el poblado de Pinal de Amoles. Este macizo, al igual que la loma donde usted se encuentra, son de los de mayor altura; por eso las nubes, el viento y la lluvia chocan formando un clima fro, hmedo, neblinoso y templado. El fondo de las caadas de la Sierra es seco, caluroso, esto es semidesrtico. Por ejemplo, a su derecha, atrs de las montaas, se encuentra el Valle del Mezquital, Hidalgo, que es una regin semidesrtica.

Hh:
Geografa y Clima
H nn nhoke, m ri hote ha na r r dng njux toh, r ndtho hbu xr tei r hnini Pinal de Amoles. Nn ndtho, njani ngu n r kati hbu di buhu, gehyu mna xi y hetsi, r nge unbu di mfntui y gui, r ndhi en r ye zhn r tse, r xaha, r bngui en r pa. R hoteni h y hemthar Pehn Toho x ti, x pa, gehni, r yomhai. Ngu ri njani h r ei, ri hoteni h y toho ri njani r Btha r Bothi, hunthe, r nguti r yomhai ngtho r mani hngi tsni r xaha.

English:
Geography and Climate
From here one can see in the distance a great wall of mountains and the village of Pinal de Amoles. Both the site of this village and the ridge on which you stand are the highest parts of the range and therefore the most exposed to passing clouds, wind and rain, all which combine to form the cold, humid and foggy conditions of the temperate clima found there. The bottoms of the canyons of the mountain range are hot and dry, making them semi-arid. To the right behind the mountains one finds the Valley of the Mezquital in the state of Hidalgo, a semi-desert region.
An additional marker on the walkway about the Sierra Gorda image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 9, 2017
6. An additional marker on the walkway about the Sierra Gorda
La Sierra Gorda
La Sierra Gorda se conforma por un macizo montaoso con elevaciones que van de los 600 a los 3,200 metros sobre el nivel del mar. Su dinmico relieve lo constituyen numerosas caadas, mesetas y valles.

Hh:
La Sierra Gorda
R mpehn toho x ui y dng toho, ha x thtsi y hemtha. X njutsi y kati h y hyo ha hbu mna x hetsi ja y btha en mra y toho. Nyu hnja nja x nja gehyu x yote d metsi 600 metro y hetsi di ge hbu tse r ndehe, ha ra studi petsi 3,200 metro di ge hbu tse r ndehe.

English:
The Sierra Gorda
The Sierra Gorda is a massive mountain range, whose height reaches from 600 to 3,2000 meters above sea level. Its dynamic topography abounds in lush river valleys, plateaus and steep mountain peaks.
Another additional marker on the Sierra Gorda image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 9, 2017
7. Another additional marker on the Sierra Gorda
La Sierra Gorda
El sistema de montaas que hoy lleva el nombre de Sierra Gorda, ocupa parte de los actuales estados de San Luis Potos, Guanajuato, Hidalgo y Quertaro. No se trata de un sistema de montaas que forme una sola cadena de cerros en lnea.

Hh:
La Sierra Gorda
R ntui y toho gehni mpaya pets nn thuhu fdi h y ngut tsuthui San Luis Potos, Guanajuato, hunthe en Ndmxei. Hn gehya y toho x ui x mpehni y toho na juti na u.

English translation of missing tile:
The Sierra Gorda
The system of mountains that today is known as the Sierra Gorda occupies a part of the current states of San Luis Potos, Guanajuato, Hidalgo and Quertaro. It is not a mountain system formed by only one chain of hills in a narrow line.
An additional marker on the Formation of the Sierra Gorda image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 9, 2017
8. An additional marker on the Formation of the Sierra Gorda
Formacin de la Sierra Gorda
Hace unos 80 millones de aos, el norte del actual Edo. de Quertaro estaba cubierto por el mar; en el fondo haba arrecifes de coral. Al paso de los aos, un gran movimiento de tierra levant las montaas que hoy llevan el nombre de Sierra Gorda.

Hh:
Formacin de la Sierra Gorda
Ote ngu 80 mo y mo njeya, r nge mhuifi Ndmxei xki gomi r ndehe ha h mbo hai m bui y dng totse y koral. Ngu x thgi y jeya ha negtho bi nja na r dng mbimhai, r hai bi mpadi, ha bi njutsi y toho gehyu d hanthu mpaya gehyu bi thumpbi r Nok Mpehn Toho.

English:
Formation of the Sierra Gorda
Eighty million years ago the north of the state of Quertaro was covered by a sea with coral reefs. With the passage of time, geological movements formed the mountains which today are called the Sierra Gorda.
An additional marker, interestingly on the languages used on markers at Toluquilla image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 9, 2017
9. An additional marker, interestingly on the languages used on markers at Toluquilla
Cdula Lingustica
La lengua indgena que impera en el Estado de Quertaro es el hhu u Otom. Por esta razn, la informacin arqueolgica de esta zona aparece en tal lengua, adems de espaol y en ingls. Ello, sin embargo, no quiere decir que los antiguos habitantes de este sitio pertenecieran a este grupo tnico. De hecho, hasta la fecha, las investigaciones realizadas no han permitido todava determinar la cultura de la poblacin que aqu estuvo asentada, aunque hoy se presume que pudo ser Pame o Huasteca.

Hh:
Nhong Hki
R hki memhai ge mnah h r nguttsthui Ndmxei ge r hhu ge tmbi nehe otom. R nge', r bede r bmhya yabu tot befi nn nguti bi bede hhu, njabu hmfo ne r zbi nehe. Hngo , hngi tsa dr mh ge y yabu nngu my hu. Y ntnts mfdi x tote mpaya hnte x di ge d ngmfdi nda r mfdi mui n r hmimi bi mukua, mske ja r nthmui dri ge r pme ur usteka.

English:
Language
The tongue indigenous to the State of Quertaro is hhu or Otom. For this reason, the archaeological information in this zone appears in this language, in addition to Spanish and English. However, this is not to say that the ancient inhabitants were of this ethnic group. Actually, research carried out to date has not identified the culture of the population that settled here, although it is presumed that it was either Pame or Huastec.
The Original Name of the Site Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 9, 2017
10. The Original Name of the Site Marker
The featured marker can be seen to the right in this view along the walking path up to the visitors center at Toluquilla. The marker on the left is entitled 'Flora y Fauna'.
Toluquilla Archaeological Site sign, near the beginning of the walkway up to the site image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 9, 2017
11. Toluquilla Archaeological Site sign, near the beginning of the walkway up to the site
Another view of the walkway near the Toluquilla Archaeological Site image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 9, 2017
12. Another view of the walkway near the Toluquilla Archaeological Site
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on February 2, 2018. This page originally submitted on February 1, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Quertaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 57 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12. submitted on February 1, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Quertaro, Mexico.
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