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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Shaw in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Musicians / With Freedom Came Their Businesses

 
 
Musicians / With Freedom Came Their Businesses Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, February 2, 2018
1. Musicians / With Freedom Came Their Businesses Marker
Inscription.
(front)
Musicians

Field musicians served as signalmen in the infantry, cavalry and artillery.

Drummer Jackson
Image courtesy of the National Archives
(back)
With Freedom Came Their Businesses

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, African Americans were compelled by Jim Crow laws to establish virtually self-contained communities. They started their own businesses and social organizations. The Greater YOU Street Corridor was home to two quality hotels——the Whitelaw and the Dunbar—as well as an African American-owned bank, Industrial Bank. The bank is still at its original 1920s location. Lee's Florist, which opened in 1945, and Ben's Chili Bowl, which opened in 1958, are also in their original locations. They are among the many businesses that allowed African American consumers to retain their dignity and patronize businesses that respected them as people.

(captions, clockwise from bottom left)
The Whitelaw Hotel, a luxury hotel for African Americans, opened in 1919.
Scurlock Studio
Courtesy of the National Museum of American History Archives


U Street Parade sponsored by local insurance company
Scurlock Studio
Courtesy
Musicians / With Freedom Came Their Businesses Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, February 2, 2018
2. Musicians / With Freedom Came Their Businesses Marker
of the National Museum of American History Archives


The Dunbar Hotel at 15th and U Street, NW, 1950
Scurlock Studio
Courtesy of the National Museum of American History Archives


North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance, located next to Industrial Bank on 11th Street, NW
Scurlock Studio
Courtesy of the National Museum of American History Archives


Industrial Bank opened as the Black Industrial Savings Bank, founded by John Whitelaw Lewis, in 1913. In 1934 it became Industrial Bank.
Scurlock Studio
Courtesy of the National Museum of American History Archives


The Masonic Temple on the corner of 10th and U Street, NW, in 1934
Scurlock Studio
Courtesy of the National Museum of American History Archives


Freedmen's Hospital, 1931
Scurlock Studio
Courtesy of the National Museum of American History Archives


Scurlock Studios, 900 U Street, NW
Scurlock Studio
Courtesy of the National Museum of American History Archives


Employees of Murray Printing standing in front of the office of the company's newspaper The Washington Tribune, in 1925
Scurlock Studio
Courtesy of the National Museum of American History Archives

 
Erected by
Musicians / With Freedom Came Their Businesses Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, February 2, 2018
3. Musicians / With Freedom Came Their Businesses Marker
African American Civil War Museum.
 
Location. 38° 54.988′ N, 77° 1.512′ W. Marker is in Shaw, District of Columbia, in Washington. Marker can be reached from Vermont Avenue NW south of U Street NW, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Located outside the African American Civil War Memorial & Museum. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1939 Vermont Ave NW, Washington DC 20001, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Pioneers / With Freedom Came Their Community (here, next to this marker); Sailors / With Freedom Came the Greater YOU (a few steps from this marker); Artillery / With Freedom Came Their Cultural Icons (a few steps from this marker); Cavalry / With Freedom Came Their Schools (a few steps from this marker); Infantry / With Freedom Came Their Churches (a few steps from this marker); African American Civil War Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named African American Civil War Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Civil War Camp to Victorian Neighborhood (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Shaw.
 
Also see . . .  African American Civil War Memorial & Museum. (Submitted on February 6, 2018.)
 
Categories. African AmericansArts, Letters, MusicIndustry & CommerceWar, US Civil
 
Musicians / With Freedom Came Their Businesses Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, February 2, 2018
4. Musicians / With Freedom Came Their Businesses Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on February 6, 2018. This page originally submitted on February 3, 2018, by Devry Becker Jones of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 41 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on February 3, 2018, by Devry Becker Jones of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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