Manteo in Dare County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Battle of Roanoke Island
The Confederates withdrew north along the only road on the island (C), situated a little to the west of the present State Highway 345 (D), across which a line of breastworks had been constructed at Point E to delay the Federal advance. The Confederates relied on the swamps (F) on each side of the road to protect their flanks. The Confederate right (G) and left (H) flanks were protected by skirmishers.
The Federal 1st Brigade assaulted the Confederates in front, supported by 6 cannon. Federal infantry attempted to advance, but were repulsed by heavy Confederate fire. Troops were ordered into the swamp (F) to crush the Confederate left (H).
At this time Gen. J. L. Reno arrived with four regiments of the Federal 2nd Brigade, which he moved through the swamp against the Confederate right (G). By the time the Federals reached both flanks of the Confederate position, Gen. J. G. Parke, commanding the Federal 3rd Brigade, arrived and made an attack upon the Confederate front. Under pressure from three sides,
Additional Confederate forces arrived in time to become involved in the retreat. One hour later the Confederate commander surrendered his entire force, 2,488 men, to Gen. Burnside. Roanoke Island was lost--and with it Confederate control of the North Carolina Sound region.
CONFEDERATE TROOPS ENGAGED: Company B, 8th and Companies B, F, and E, 31st North Carolina Regiments; Companies E and K, 59th, two companies of the 46th, and one company of the 49th Virginia Regiment.
FEDERAL TROOPS ENGAGED: 21st, 23rd, 25th, and 27th Massachusetts Regiments; 9th and 51st New York Regiments; 9th New Jersey Regiment; 10th Connecticut Regiment.
Total number of troops engaged: Federal: over 5,000; Confederate: 400. (Marker Number BB-4.)
Location. 35° 53.365′ N, 75° 39.629′ W. Marker is in Manteo, North Carolina, in Dare County. Marker is on Mills Landing Road (State Highway 345), on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. NC 345 south of junction with US 64/264. Marker is in this post office area: Manteo NC 27954, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Andrew Cartwright (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Burnside Expedition of 1862 Bowser Family Cemetery (approx. half a mile away); Red Wolf Country (approx. half a mile away); Confederate Channel Obstructions (approx. 1.4 miles away); Fort Bartow (approx. 1.4 miles away); Spirit of Roanoke Island (approx. 1.4 miles away); Roanoke Marshes Lighthouse (approx. 1.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Manteo.
Also see . . .
1. The Battle of Roanoke Island. As part of the opening moves in the war, the victory at Roanoke Island opened many options for the Federal Army. (Submitted on September 13, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Battle of Roanoke Island. Although it was one of the largest battles in North Carolina, no traces remain of the struggle. Time, weather, and development have erased the scars of war. (Submitted on September 13, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 12, 2008, by M. L. 'Mitch' Gambrell of Taylors, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 2,296 times since then and 73 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on September 12, 2008, by M. L. 'Mitch' Gambrell of Taylors, South Carolina. 3. submitted on June 16, 2010, by Paul Jordan of Burlington, N. C., U. S. A.. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.