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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Dayton in Yamhill County, Oregon — The American West (Northwest)
 

Courthouse Square Park

Fort Yamhill Blockhouse

 
 
Courthouse Square Park Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 26, 2017
1. Courthouse Square Park Marker
Captions: (details of the blockhouse, center left) Six rifle loopholes on each of eight sides allow protected gunfire; The structure consists of square hewn logs.; This two-story 20' x 20' wooden blockhouse originally stood at the entrance to the Grand Ronde Valley at Fort Yamhill from 1856 to 1866.; Moving the blockhouse to Dayton, 1911.
Inscription. Courthouse Square Park is a monument to the civic and commercial aspirations of Daytonís founders, Joel Palmer, his son-in-law Andrew Smith and Christopher Taylor. Palmer and Taylor, who settled here to farm in 1848, laid out the town site on the banks of the Yamhill River in 1850. Taylor became the first postmaster in 1851.

An Anticipating Town Square
The founders hoped that Dayton would become the county seat of Yamhill County, and planned that a courthouse would rise on this block. When the courthouse did not come, the block became the town square, with a bandstand, fountain, war memorial, and a historic blockhouse.

Many Years of Service
The blockhouse served from 1856 to 1866 at Fort Yamhill, a US Army post about thirty miles west of Dayton. The fort was a buffer at the western edge of the Grand Ronde Indian Reservation, where many Western Oregon natives were forcibly relocated after the wars of 1851-1856. When the fort was abandoned, the blockhouse was moved to Old Grand Ronde and used as a jail and storage building by the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
“Its form is different from the usual blockhouse, which had upper walls parallel to those belowÖhere the upper block is the same size of the lower, but turned on a true diagonal.”
This design allowed for
Courthouse Square Park Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 26, 2017
2. Courthouse Square Park Marker
Yamhill Blockhouse in the background.
rifles to be fired form all eight sides every 45 degrees instead of four sides every 90 degrees. -- Jamieson Parker, Historic American Building Survey

(side-bar, upper right:)
A Memorial to Joel Palmer. Oregon Pioneer (1810-1881)

Palmer came to Oregon from Indiana in 1845, and helped forge the Barlow Road around Mount Hood. He was Superintendent of Indian Affairs in Oregon from 1853 to 1856. Known as “General” Joel Palmer, he established the western Oregon reservations and led the way for removal of the tribes; which kept tribes safe from settler attacks. Palmer was forced from that office, accused of favoring native interests over those of immigrant settlers.
The blockhouse was neglected until John G. Lewis of Dayton arranged in 1911 to acquire it from the US government. It was moved to Daytonís Courthouse Square Park as a memorial to Joel Palmer.
 
Erected by Oregon Heritage Commission, The City of Dayton & Downtown Dayton.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Oregon Beaver Boards marker series.
 
Location. 45° 13.275′ N, 123° 4.575′ W. Marker is in Dayton, Oregon, in Yamhill County. Marker is on SouthEast Dayton-Salem Highway (aka 3rd Street) (Oregon
Yamhill Blockhouse image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 26, 2017
3. Yamhill Blockhouse
Route 221) near Main Street, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 400 3rd Street, Dayton OR 97114, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 7 other markers are within 10 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Yamhill Blockhouse (a few steps from this marker); Pioneer Park and Blockhouse (a few steps from this marker); Willamette Post (approx. 7.1 miles away); Hoover - Minthorn House (approx. 7Ĺ miles away); Champoeg (approx. 8.7 miles away); Madame Marie Dorion (approx. 9.4 miles away); a different marker also named Madame Marie Dorion (approx. 9.4 miles away).
 
More about this marker. This marker is located in Courthouse Square Park.
 
Also see . . .  Oregon Travel Experience - Dayton Courthouse Square Park and Blockhouse. The official 'Beaver Board' website for Oregon State Historical Markers (Submitted on February 23, 2018, by Douglass Halvorsen of Klamath Falls, Oregon.) 
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesNative Americans
 
Yamhill Blockhouse image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 26, 2017
4. Yamhill Blockhouse
Yamhill Blockhouse image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 26, 2017
5. Yamhill Blockhouse
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on February 24, 2018. This page originally submitted on February 23, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 52 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on February 23, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.
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