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Crown Point in Essex County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The French at Crown Point

 
 
The French at Crown Point Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, July 11, 2008
1. The French at Crown Point Marker
Inscription. In 1730, the French erected a small wooden fort at Point a la Chevelure, now Chimney Point, Vermont, thereby taking control of territory claimed by Great Britain under the terms of the Treaty of Utrecht (1713). The following year, construction of Fort St. Frédéric was begun on the western shore of the lake. Completed by 1737, the fort was garrisoned by about one hundred officers and men. For the next quarter-century, raiding parties originating from this post, such as the one which burned Saratoga in 1745, kept British frontier settlements in a constant state of alarm.

More than a military presence, Fort St. Frédéric was an outpost of French culture in the Champlain Valley. Soldier-settlers cultivated farms on both shores of the lake, and the population steadily increased under the encouragement from the French government. The fort’s chapel served soldier and civilian alike. Fort St. Frédéric and its surrounding settlements, the first European community in the southern Champlain Valley, were hastily evacuated upon the advance of the British army in 1759.
 
Erected by Crown Point State Historic Site.
 
Location. 44° 1.796′ N, 73° 25.64′ W. Marker is in Crown Point, New York, in Essex County. Marker is on
Marker at Crown Point State Historic Site image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, July 11, 2008
2. Marker at Crown Point State Historic Site
Grandview Drive, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is in Crown Point State Historic Site, along the walking trail. Marker is in this post office area: Crown Point NY 12928, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Crown Point: Military Focus (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort St. Frédéric (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The British at Crown Point (about 600 feet away); “His Majesty’s Fort of Crown Point” (about 600 feet away); Capture of Fort St. Frédéric (about 700 feet away); The Barracks (about 700 feet away); Samuel Champlain (approx. 0.3 miles away); Ruins of Pre-Revolutionary Village (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Crown Point.
 
More about this marker. Two illustrations of Fort St. Frédéric appear on the marker, as well as the above text in French.
 
Also see . . .
1. Crown Point State Historic Site. New York State. (Submitted on September 13, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

2. Crown Point. An Outline History. (Submitted on September 13, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

3. His Majesty’s Fort at Crown Point. The Lake Champlain and Lake George Historic Site. (Submitted on September 13, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
Ruins of Fort St. Frédéric image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, July 11, 2008
3. Ruins of Fort St. Frédéric
In 1734, the French built Fort St. Frédéric here to command the nearby waterway in Lake Champlain.
 
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesNotable PlacesWar, French and Indian
 
French Fort Ruins image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, July 11, 2008
4. French Fort Ruins
The French destroyed and evacuated Fort St. Frédéric in 1759 in advance of the arrival of s superior British force.
Picture of Fort St. Frédéric from Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, July 11, 2008
5. Picture of Fort St. Frédéric from Marker
Crown Point State Historic Site image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, July 11, 2008
6. Crown Point State Historic Site
Marker is in Crown Point State Historic Park, along the walking trail.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 13, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,399 times since then and 29 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on September 13, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.
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