“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Brookeville in Montgomery County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

Mills in the Upcounty

Mills in the Upcounty Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, February 25, 2018
1. Mills in the Upcounty Marker
The streams of Montgomery County's Piedmont Region run faster and deeper than those of the Coastal Plain. Steam power fueled the early industrial age in Montgomery County in the late-18th and 19th centuries. Mills along the Hawlings River stream valley helped turned grain into flour, trees into lumber, and fleece into wool.

Brookeville Woolen Mill, House, and Worker's House

The structures near this site on the Hawlings River—a mill and houses for the miller and mill workers—are rare surviving examples of a complex for milling wool for cloth blankets.

Although the dates of the buildings are uncertain, many small woolen mills were built in the years before the War of 1812 when the U.S. stopped importing wool from Britain. The mill was certainly built by 1816, when an advertisement for the Brookeville Woolen Factory appeared in a Georgetown newspaper. The mill was operational here until the early 1900s.

Greenwood Miller's Cottage and Dam Site

Also situated on the Hawling's River, the Greenwood Mill was built circa 1840 by Allen Bowie Davis. The saw and gristmill processed wood and grain for the local community. The miller's cottage may have been constructed about 1865 and was the residence of William Johnson, a former slave and longtime miller and blacksmith.
Mills in the Upcounty Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, February 25, 2018
2. Mills in the Upcounty Marker
Of frame construction, the miller's cottage was sided with stones taken from the mill when it was dismantled in 1926 for the widening of Georgia Avenue. A few stone remains of the mill dam are still visible below the cottage.

"Drink in the beauty ... and wonder at the meaning of what you see." — Rachel Carson, The Sense of Wonder (posthumously 1965)
Erected by Montgomery Parks.
Location. 39° 13.187′ N, 77° 5.13′ W. Marker is near Brookeville, Maryland, in Montgomery County. Marker can be reached from Zion Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Brookeville MD 20833, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Our Agricultural Heritage (here, next to this marker); The Rachel Carson Greenway (here, next to this marker); Elton (approx. 1.4 miles away); Oakley Cabin (approx. 2.9 miles away); Brookeville Schoolhouse (was approx. 2.9 miles away but has been reported permanently removed. ); Newlin’s Mill (approx. 3 miles away); The Miller's Cottage (approx. 3 miles away); Bentley House (approx. 3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Brookeville.
Categories. African AmericansAgricultureIndustry & Commerce
Credits. This page was last revised on February 27, 2018. This page originally submitted on February 25, 2018, by Devry Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 64 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on February 25, 2018, by Devry Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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