Annapolis in Anne Arundel County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
“Preservation Was A Fight!”
Annapolis Charter 300 1708-2008
—Commemorating the 1708 Royal Charter under Queen Anne to the City of Annapolis —
"St. Clair Wright said many times that Historic Annapolis accomplished more in the eight years I was mayor than in any other period. That makes me feel awfully good."
Roger "Pip" Moyer, 2002.
Historic preservation in Annapolis entailed a dramatic engagement with place and the history of place. Annapolis had to make critical decisions in the post-war years to maintain its livability and economic vitality, especially during the 1960s when so many American cities faced decline. Preservation presented the city with a reasonable alternative to urban renewal, and the same people were backing both efforts that would:
•Create a future plan for the city, and create offices in city government that would usher in real changes in the way the city was run.
•Invent the tools to ensure that future development in the "old town" was appropriate and retained the historical values that would make it a viable place for living and doing business.
Historic preservation was an alternative to redevelopment that could also arrest decline. Preservation advocates attained a great deal of influence in city hall as this movement was embraced as a means to revitalize the town's economy at its center. This was particularly so starting with Roger Moyer's administration from 1965-1973. Important changes
Matthew Palus, University of Maryland
Interview with Roger Moyer, October 11, 2002, Matthew Palus, interviewer. On file, Historic Annapolis Foundation, 196 Prince George Street, Annapolis, Maryland.
St. Clair Wright, Mayor "Pip" Moyer and Maryland Inn owner Paul Pearson in the basement that would be restored as the King of France Tavern, a popular jazz spot for decades in the late 20th C.
Historic Annapolis Foundation is one of several civic organizations which appeared during the 1950s and 1960s, all of which were promoting this kind of smart development, and progressive reform in government. In a sense, that is what historic preservation is:
smart development, but the move towards planning the future of the city was only partly a matter of preservation.
Marion E. Warren, Photographer.
Courtesy of Historic Annapolis Foundation
"Unlike most people in historic preservation, St. Clair Wright early on saw the necessity of involving government officials in the process both for historic district legislative protection and height and bulk restrictions and of government's power to assist. Officials had to be convinced they wanted to be part of rediscovering the beauty of their capital city. By the 1950s it had been made shabby by aluminum storefronts, neon signs, dislodged tricks and decades of lax maintenance. Damaging out of scale uses such as car dealerships and bargain stores disfigured 18th century taverns and what had been the fine urban vistas. In St. Clair Wright they met the visionary with practical, incremental plans that they could understand and support." Pringle Hart Symonds, 2008. Photo Courtesy of Historic Annapolis Foundation.
Roger Moyer brought expertise into the areas of city government that were the most hostile towards expertise and change. During his tenure, Annapolis passed a comprehensive zoning code, implemented its first master plan, hired a city planner, and established an Urban Renewal Authority. During this same period, the historic preservation movement attracted a base of activists and civic leaders, but also among the residents of the city.
Matthew Palus, 2002. Collection of Maryland State Archives.
MSA SC 1907-B3-G-34.
With appreciation for their assistance: Matthew Palus, Historic Annapolis Foundation, the Maryland State Archives, and Office of the Mayor.
This Annapolis Charter 300 project is being supported in part by a Preserve America Grant administered by the National Park Service, Department of Interior. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinion, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of their author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.
Erected 2008 by the City of Annapolis.
Location. 38° 58.675′ N, 76° 29.817′ W. Marker is in Annapolis, Maryland, in Anne Arundel County. Marker is on West Street (Maryland Route 450) east of Lafayette Avenue, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 101 West Street, Annapolis MD 21401, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Asbury United Methodist Church (within shouting distance of this marker); The Old Fourth Ward (within shouting distance of this marker); On this site on November 25, 1960 (within shouting distance of this marker); Site of the Annapolis City Gates (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Lincoln in Annapolis (about 300 feet away); George Washington's Resignation (about 600 feet away); Marion Warren's six photographs capture this historic Annapolis neighborhood in a sleepier time (about 600 feet away); Annapolis & The Maryland Signers (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Annapolis.
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Credits. This page was last revised on March 12, 2018. This page originally submitted on March 2, 2018, by Devry Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 129 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on March 2, 2018, by Devry Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.