Near Selçuk in Selçuk District, Izmir Province, Turkey
The Hellenistic Ephesos
3rd - 1st century B.C.
In the Hellenistic period the cityscape of Ephesos underwent a fundamental transformation. During the wars of the Diadochoi after the death of Alexander the Great the city was incorporated after 300 B.C. into the kingdom of Lysimachos (355-281). After the first new foundations of cities (Lysimachia) at Chersonnes and Altolla, at Ephesos, the new city of Arsinoea, named after Lysimachos' wife Arsinoė II, was also founded. The inhabitants of Arsinoea were recruited from neighbouring communities such as Teos, Lebedos and Kolophon.
Probably already in 294 B.C. construction began of a fortification wall over 9 km in length, enclosing the entire city including the northern slopes of Mount Būlbūl and parts of Mount Panayir. The 2.5 km large area within the city walls, of which only one-third was suitable for development, was divided into a Lower City at the harbour area and an Upper City situated on an elevated plateau. The Curetes Street, which follows the course of the old Processional Way, connects both areas of the city.
The Hellenistic Ephesos was a new foundation after a systematic Hippodamian model with orthogonal street grid. The mercantile and cultural centre, with the Commercial Market (Tetragonos Agora), the Theatre and the Stadium is located in the Lower City, whereas
Locally produced wares and their distribution in the Mediterranean region reveal the ever increasing significance and economic power of Ephesos in the 2nd and 1st centuries B.C., which was to become the Metropolis of Asia (capital city of the Province of Asia) during Roman rule.
Erected by Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism, and the Österreichisches Archaeology Institute.
Location. 37° 56.164′ N, 27° 20.743′ E. Marker is near Selçuk, Izmir Province, in Selçuk District. Marker can be reached from Touch for map. The marker is in an archaeological park that is about 3 km (2 miles) southeast of Selçuk. Marker is in this post office area: Selçuk, Izmir Province 35920, Turkey.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Early Ephesos (here, next to this marker); Roman Ephesos (here, next to this marker); Byzantine Ephesos (here, next to this marker); Research History of Ephesos (here, next to this marker); Ancient Ephesos (a few steps from this marker); Baths at the 'State Agora' (within shouting distance of this marker); Processional Way (within shouting distance of this marker in İzmir); The 'State Agora' (within shouting distance of this marker in İzmir Province). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Selçuk.
More about this marker. This marker is one of the many markers that are situated at the archaeological park that displays the ruins of the ancient city of Ephesus. One web site boasts that the ruins that one can see and experience at Ephesus are, "better than Rome itself," and although some of the artifacts found in this area have been dated back to about 6,000 BC, most of what the visitors to the archaeological park see, date back to the glory years of Greece and Rome.
Categories. • Forts, Castles • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on March 14, 2018. This page originally submitted on March 8, 2018, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 54 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on March 8, 2018, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.