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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Southold in Suffolk County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Capt. John Underhill Home Site / Historic Peck's Inn

 
 
Capt. John Underhill Home Site / Historic Peck's Inn Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 9, 2017
1. Capt. John Underhill Home Site / Historic Peck's Inn Marker
Inscription.
Historic Home Site
c 1654 – 1659
of
Capt. John Underhill

The renowned military leader and Indian fighter in New England, New Netherlands and on Long Island, lived on this Feather Hill site.

The Later Site
of Historic Peck’s Inn

18th Century
where
the first incorporated Southold
Library had its start at a meeting held Nov. 2, 1797.

 
Erected 1960 by Southold Town and Historical Committee, Southold-Peconic Civic Assoc.
 
Location. 41° 3.84′ N, 72° 25.739′ W. Marker is in Southold, New York, in Suffolk County. Marker is on Main Road (New York State Route 25) west of Beckwith Avenue, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is located on the sidewalk directly in front of the Southold Free Libaray / Cahoon Memorial Building. Marker is at or near this postal address: 53705 Main Road, Southold NY 11971, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 11 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Horton Point Lighthouse (approx. 1.7 miles away); Fire Fighter (approx. 4.3 miles away); Webb House (approx. 8.3 miles away); Poquatuck Park (approx. 8.3 miles away); The Methodist Church (approx. 8.3 miles away); Wick's Tavern (approx. 11 miles away); Triangular Commons (approx. 11 miles away); Bridgehampton Founders Monument (approx. 11 miles away).
 
Also see . . .
Capt. John Underhill Home Site / Historic Peck's Inn Marker (<i>wide view</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 9, 2017
2. Capt. John Underhill Home Site / Historic Peck's Inn Marker (wide view)

1. Capt. John Underhill.
Born in the Netherlands to English parents, he became a professional soldier and was brought to Massachusetts in 1630 to train the colony’s militia. He resided Boston, MA; Dover, NH; Stamford, CT; New Amsterdam; and Flushing, Southold, Setauket and Oyster Bay, all on Long Island, NY. (Submitted on March 9, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

2. Pequot War.
Because of repeated conflicts with the Pequot people, the English colonists decided to go to war against them. In September 1637 Underhill headed the militia as it undertook the Pequot War. They first went to the fort at Saybrook, in present-day Connecticut. Joining with Mohegan allies and Connecticut militia under Captain John Mason, they attacked the fortified Pequot village near modern Mystic. They set fire to the village, killing any who attempted to flee. About 400 Pequot died in what came to be called the Mystic Massacre. Underhill led other expeditions that joined in hunting down the surviving Pequot. (Submitted on March 9, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

3. Capt. John Underhill, privateer, (c. 1608-72).
John Underhill came to the Americas with the Winthrop Fleet in 1630. At first, he was a captain of the Boston militia and fought in the Pequot War of 1636. However, he fell out of favor with Puritan government in the midst of the Ann Hutchison religious controversy of 1638 and was expelled from the Massachusetts Bay colony. His post-Boston wanderings challenged him to reinvent himself and his career several times--as governor of
Southold Free Library / Cahoon Memorial Building (<i>plaque near entrance</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 9, 2017
3. Southold Free Library / Cahoon Memorial Building (plaque near entrance)
Dover, sheriff of Flushing, and various turns as a military commander for both English and Dutch forces. (Submitted on March 9, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

4. A Brief Account of Southold's History.
There were no newspapers in Southold during the eighteenth century. The population at the beginning of the Revolution was just over 3000, excluding slaves. Townspeople got their news from Connecticut papers, from travelers, or from returning mariners. Taverns were the center of social life as well as of information. Southold contained fifteen taverns and an even larger number of retailers licensed to sell spirits. John Peck, whose tavern stood where the Southold Free Library is now, was both a tavern keeper and a retailer of alcoholic beverages. (Submitted on March 9, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Categories. Colonial EraEducationNotable EventsSettlements & Settlers
 
Southold Free Library / Cahoon Memorial Building (<i>Veterans Memorial</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 9, 2017
4. Southold Free Library / Cahoon Memorial Building (Veterans Memorial)
Southold Free Library / Cahoon Memorial Building image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 9, 2017
5. Southold Free Library / Cahoon Memorial Building
Southold Free Library / Cahoon Memorial Building (<i>view from marker</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 9, 2017
6. Southold Free Library / Cahoon Memorial Building (view from marker)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on March 10, 2018. This page originally submitted on March 9, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 145 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on March 9, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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