Annapolis in Anne Arundel County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
From this spot, you can see 1672 - Providence: Settlement on the Severn
Annapolis Maritime Museum
The first English settlers were a group of Puritans who established Providence, a settlement at the mouth of the Severn River, in 1649. The Puritans probably used Captain John Smith's Bay map to navigate here from Virginia. Their settlement was not a town so much as a broadly dispersed gathering of tobacco plantations. They shipped the tobacco to England in exchange for goods they couldn't manufacture themselves.
The ship in the background is the Constant Friendship, one of the largest vessels in the tobacco fleet that carried Maryland's cash crop to London. On their return voyages, the vessels carried settlers, servants, household goods, and news. About this time, as many as 70 wooden sailing vessels made the round trip each year between England and Maryland's rivers around the Bay like the Severn.
Eventually, a village grew up on this side of the Severn. Governor Francis Nicholson moved the capital of Maryland to this little village in 1695 because of its central location, protected harbor, and Protestant-friendly population. He named it "Annapolis" after Princess Anne, who would soon become Queen of England.
1. The Constant Friendship
2. Tobacco was the main "cash crop." Growers would pack dried tobacco leaves into barrels known as "hogsheads" and
3. Settlers used log canoes and other small boats for transportation and harvesting seafood, which provided a good portion of their diet.
4. In the late 1600s, Horn Point was owned and farmed by Richard Hill. Back Creek was known as "Hill's Back Creek." The trees have been girdled, their bark stripped to kill them in order to open fields for growing tobacco.
5. Great blue herons wade in the shallows to hunt fish and other small animals.
Location. 38° 58.131′ N, 76° 28.563′ W. Marker is in Annapolis, Maryland, in Anne Arundel County. Marker can be reached from 2nd Street south of Bay Shore Avenue, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 799 2nd Street, Annapolis MD 21403, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. From this spot, you can see 1608 - Captain John Smith's Chesapeake Voyages (here, next to this marker); From this spot, you can see 1887 - The Age of Steam (here, next to this marker); From this spot, you can see 1774 - The "Annapolis Tea Party" (here, next to this marker); From this spot, you can see 1919 - Oysters: The Bay's "White Gold" (here, next to this marker); Oysters: Vital to Commerce. Vital to Culture. (here, next to this marker); Oysters: Vital to Nature. Vital to Our Future. (here, next to this marker); Oysters: Vital to the Lifeline of the Chesapeake (here, next to this marker); From this spot, you can see 1998 - Annapolis: America's Sailing Capital (here, next to this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Annapolis.
Categories. • Agriculture • Colonial Era • Settlements & Settlers • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on March 12, 2018. This page originally submitted on March 11, 2018, by Devry Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 68 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on March 11, 2018, by Devry Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.