Eastern Theatre Of War
Many of the most climactic and large scale battles occurred in the eastern theatre of the war, primarily Virginia. With the capital cities of both North and South in perilous proximity of one another, much of the fighting in the east naturally centered in northern Virginia. After some initial posturing, the Federal Army of Potomac confronted the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia at the First Battle of Manassas on July 21, 1861. To the dismay of scores of Northerners who flocked to the battlefield in anticipation of a quick and decisive Union victory, the Confederates achieved a stunning success demonstrating that the war would be no quick contest.
Having been blocked in the effort to take the Confederate capital at Richmond from the North, Federal general George McClellan launched a massive invasion along the James River Peninsula to the east. Confederate troops commanded by General Joseph E. Johnston retreated slowly before the Federal army to within the outskirts of Richmond where they suddenly attacked the Union Army at the Battle of Seven Pines. In the height of the fighting Johnston was severely wounded, opening the door for Robert E. Lee to assume command of the Confederate Army. Lee relentlessly attacked the Federals, drove them from the James Peninsula, then turned and defeated a second Federal army advancing on Richmond
The spring of 1863 witnessed a series of impressive Confederate victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. Success in these campaigns led Lee to believe that his army could overcome any odds and he launched his second invasion of the North. In the en- suing Battle of Gettysburg, July 1863, the Confederates suffered disastrous defeat from which they would never recover. The year 1864 saw the appointment of the aggressive Ulysses S. Grant to the command of the Union Army of the Potomac. Grant, aware of the vast advantages in men and materiel enjoyed by the Federal army, invaded Virginia, launching what would become the final enduring campaign in the war. As Lee positioned his greatly diminished army between Grant and Richmond, the two forces clashed repeatedly
Location. 30° 13.71′ N, 90° 54.8′ W. Marker is in Gonzales, Louisiana, in Ascension Parish. Marker can be reached from South Irma Boulevard 0.3 miles from East Worthey Street, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gonzales LA 70737, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named The Civil War (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Civil War (here, next to this marker); a different Civil War (here, next to this marker); World War I (a few steps from this marker); "The War to End War" (a few steps from this marker); A View From The Trenches: A Doughboy From Donaldsonville Writes Home (a few steps from this marker); The Mexican-American War (within shouting distance of this marker); World War II (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gonzales.
More about this marker. Located in the Gonzales Veterans Memorial Park.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on March 14, 2018. This page originally submitted on March 14, 2018, by Cajun Scrambler of Assumption, Louisiana. This page has been viewed 44 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on March 14, 2018.