Memphis in Shelby County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
Port Hudson, Louisiana/Fausse River Cutoﬀ
Panel #19 Mississippi Riverwalk
A) Port Hudson, Louisiana
Mile 256.0 AHP
This settlement began as a trading post and by the time of the U.S. Civil War, it was an important shipping center with both a steamboat landing and a rail line to the east. The Confederates heavily fortified it early in the war and it became one of their mightiest river strongholds. In March 1863, U. S. Admiral Farragut tried to run his fleet past the gun batteries at Port Hudson, while a large Union Infantry Force attacked it on the land side. All but two of the Union boats were disabled and the land attack was repelled. Two months later, Federal Forces cut Port Hudsonís supply lines and held the town under siege for 43 days. After the fall of Vicksburg in July 1863, Port Hudson became the last Confederate city on the Mississippi River to surrender. After the war, the town was forced to move east to escape the riverís encroachments. Floods, a sagging cotton industry, and the decline of river traffic, eventually put an end to the once thriving town.
B) Fausse River Cutoff
Mile 258.5 AHP
The river was the process of making this cutoff when the first Frenchmen canoed the Lower Mississippi River. In 1699, local Native Americans advised the explorers, Iberville and Bienville, that they could avoid the long river bend to the west by carrying their canoes across the narrow neck of land along the cutoff route. By 1721, an observer noted that the old bed was dry and the cutoff channel was very deep. The French named the abandoned bend “Fausse River” or False River, and its banks became lined with the homes of wealthy sugar planters. False River is now an enclosed crescent-shaped lake of 4,000 acres.
Erected by Mississippi Riverwalk. (Marker Number 19.)
Location. 35° 8.968′ N, 90° 3.507′ W. Marker is in Memphis, Tennessee, in Shelby County. Marker can be reached from Island Drive 0.8 miles south of West A.W. Willis Avenue. Touch for map. Located in Mud Island River Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 125 N Front St, Memphis TN 38103, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Mississippi Riverwalk (here, next to this marker); Ohio River (here, next to this marker); Cairo, Illinois (here, next to this marker); Islands No. 2, 3, and 4/Fort Jefferson, Kentucky/Birdís Point, Missouri (here, next to this marker); Island No. 5 (Wolf Island)/Belmont, Missouri/Columbus, Kentucky (here, next to this marker); Donaldson Point, Missouri/Island No. 8/Hickman, Kentucky/Dorena Crevasse (here, next to this marker); New Madrid, Missouri/Cates Casting Field/Island No. 10 (here, next to this marker); Tiptonville, Tennessee/Bixby Towhead (here, next to this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Memphis.
Also see . . .
1. Lake Fausse Pointe State Park. Lake Fausse Pointe State Park occupies a 6,000-acre site which was once part of the Atchafalaya Basin. The area surrounding the park was formerly the home site of the Chitimacha Indians. From the middle 1700s, the region was dominated by French and Acadian farmers and trappers, although the Spanish were in control of the land from 1763 until 1802. (Submitted on March 14, 2018, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa.)
2. Port Hudson State Historic Site. When New Orleans fell to Federal troops in late April 1862, Confederate control of the Mississippi was in jeopardy. The Confederate army had already fortified the river bluffs at Vicksburg, Mississippi, but it needed another series of river batteries below the mouth of the Red River. The Red River was the primary route for the shipment of supplies from Texas to the heartland of the Confederacy. (Submitted on March 14, 2018, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa.)
Categories. • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers • War, US Civil • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on March 15, 2018. This page originally submitted on March 14, 2018, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. This page has been viewed 61 times since then. Photo 1. submitted on March 14, 2018, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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