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Near Gettysburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Scales's Brigade

Pender's Division - Hill's Corps

 

—Army of Northern Virginia —

 
Scales's Brigade Tablet image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, June 28, 2008
1. Scales's Brigade Tablet
Inscription.
C.S.A.
Army of Northern Virginia
Hill's Corps Pender's Division
Scales's Brigade

13th. 16th. 22nd. 34th. 38th.
North Carolina Infantry

July 1 Crossed Willoughby Run about 3.30 p.m. relieving Heth's line and advancing with left flank on Chamberstubrg Pike took part in the struggle until it ended. When the Union forces made their final stand on Seminary Ridge the Brigade charged and aided in dislodging them but suffered heavy losses. Gen. A.M. Scales was wounded and all the field officers but one were killed or wounded.

July 2 In position near here with skirmishers out in front and on flank.

July 3 In Longstreet's assault the Brigade supported the right wing of Pettigrew's Division. With few officers to lead them the men advanced in good order through the storm of shot and shell and when the front line neared the Union works they pushed forward to aid it in the final struggle and were among the last to retire.

July 4 After night withdrew and began the march to Hagerstown.

Present about 1250. Killed 102, wounded 381, missing 116. Total 599.
 
Erected 1910 by Gettysburg National Military Park Commission.
 
Location. 39° 49.197′ N, 77° 14.811′ W.
Scales's Brigade Tablet image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, June 28, 2008
2. Scales's Brigade Tablet
Marker is near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is on West Confederate Avenue, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Located on the McMillan Woods section of Confederate Avenue, in Gettysburg National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Marye's Battery - Pegram's Battalion (a few steps from this marker); Crenshaw's Battery - Pegram's Battalion (within shouting distance of this marker); Third Army Corps (within shouting distance of this marker); Pegram's Battalion (within shouting distance of this marker); Ross's Battery - Lane's Battalion (within shouting distance of this marker); Brockenbrough's Brigade (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Zimmerman's Battery - Pegram's Battalion (about 300 feet away); Lane's Brigade (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gettysburg.
 
Also see . . .
1. Seminary Ridge - Day Two. A National Park Service virtual tour stop. (Submitted on September 16, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. The Field of Longstreet's Assault. A National Park Service virtual tour stop. (Submitted on September 16, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

3. Report of Scale's Brigade. Two distinct reports are included. First from General Scales, covering
Scales's Brigade July 1 Fighting image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 16, 2008
3. Scales's Brigade July 1 Fighting
Looking wast from a point on Meredith Avenue, near the McPherson Barn. Just before 4 p.m. on July 1, Scales' Brigade crossed Willoughby Run and attacked up the slope here to force two Federal brigades, Stone's and Meredith's into retreat.
the action on the first day, up to the time he was wounded. He wrote:
Every discharge made sad havoc in our line, but still we pressed on at a double-quick until we reached the bottom, a distance of about 75 yards from the ridge we had just crossed, and about the same distance front the college, in our front. Here I received a painful wound from a piece of shell, and was disabled. Our line had been broken up, and now only a squad here and there marked the place where regiments had rested. Every field officer of the brigade save one had been disabled, and the following list of casualties will attest sufficiently the terrible ordeal through which the brigade passed.

Lt. Col. Lowrance detailed the action during Longstreet's Assault of July 3:
Now the pieces in our front were all silenced. Here many were shot down, being then exposed to a heavy fire of grape and musketry upon our right flank. Now all apparently had forsaken us. The two brigades (now reduced to mere squads, not numbering in all 800 guns) were the only line to be seen upon that vast field, and no support in view. The natural inquiry was, What shall we do? and none to answer. The men answered for themselves, and, without orders, the brigade retreated, leaving many on the field unable to get off, and some, I fear, unwilling to undertake the hazardous retreat. (Submitted on September 16, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Scales' Brigade in Longstreet's Assault of July 3 image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain
4. Scales' Brigade in Longstreet's Assault of July 3
Scales' Brigade was led by Col. William L. J. Lowrance of the Thirty-fourth North Carolina Infantry during the assault, as General Scales wounded on July 1. Lowrance formed the Brigade behind the regiments of Archer (then under Col. Fry) and Pettigrew (then under Col. Marshall) from Heth's Division. Scales' North Carolina soldiers advanced behind that forward rank, roughly in the center of this view. When the front ranks met stiff resistance at Cemetery Ridge, Brigade was pressed around to the right and hit the Federal lines near the "Angle" directly in front of Captain William Arnold's Rhode Island Battery. This point can be seen in the distance, near the "Copse of Trees" just right of distant center on the ridge line.
 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 16, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 633 times since then and 25 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on September 16, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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