Salamanca in Municipality of Salamanca, Guanajuato, Mexico — The Central Highlands
Estos espacios eran denominados “estancias” y constituían una fuente modesta de ingresos para la población nativa, la cual trabajaba para los caciques españoles.
La estancia de Baltierra se ubicó en el margen sur del Río Grade (hoy Lerma), dividida en Baltierra el Grande y Baltierra el Chico, siendo esta última la que derivó en la actual Valtierrilla y se dedicaba principalmente a las labores del campo, ganadería y pesca, por el paso de hoy Río Laja. La población indígena que trabajaba en ella era de origen otomí, cultura que comenzó a formar pequeñas chozas alrededor de la estancia hasta constituir una “ranchería” y más tarde en calidad de Pueblo. Ya a finales del siglo XVII y principios del XVIII, esta pequeña ranchería comenzó a consolidarse: se seccionaron los
Con el paso del tiempo, inició la comercialización de este producto, procurando con ello una nueva fuente de ingresos para los valtierrillenses. Al poco tiempo, la venta del nopal se convirtió en la columna vertebral de la economía del poblado, pues en torno a su producción se han generado, hasta la fecha, cientos de empleos formando cooperativas y fábricas en las que se procesa el nopal.
Los pobladores de Valtierrilla han desarrollado
These spaces were called “estancias” and constituted a modest source of income for the native population, which worked for the Spanish overlords. So, around the “estancias” were small native villages that gradually became larger and larger population centers.
Baltierra “estancia” placed on the south bank of the Big River (Today Lerma River) divided into Baltierra The Great, Baltierra the Small, being this last one, being that led to the current Valtierrilla and is mainly engaged in field work, livestock and fisheries by the passage of Laja River today. The native people who worked on it was Otomí origin, culture began to form small huts around the “Estancia” to be a “Ranchería” and later to the level of Pueblo. Since the late seventeenth century and early eighteenth centuries, this small hamlet began to consolidate: the land were cut, streets were opened, the huts were replaced by houses of adobe and straw and a chapel dedicated to the Holy Cross with its atrium was built and Main Square (now garden village). Gradually, the village was growing with increasing population, giving rise to a new community of Villa de Salamanca, and is currently the most important and populous communitie of present municipality of Salamanca, Gto.
With the passage of time began marketing this product, thereby ensuring a new source of income for the people of Valtierrilla. Soon, the sale of nopal became the backbone of the economy of the town, because around its production have been generated to date, hundreds of jobs.
Valtierrilla villagers have developed a lot of products based on the nopal: tortillas, skin cream, hair gel, candy, snow, jelly, jam and many dishes whose main ingredient is the nopal; it is even possible to acquire in the village nopales pickled in brine and dehydrated nopal ground.
Since several years now takes places in Valtierrilla the Exponopal, where people used to grow this type of cactus gather to display and sell their products to visitors.
Location. 20° 34.127′ N, 101° 11.964′ W. Marker is in Salamanca, Guanajuato, in Municipality of Salamanca. Marker is on Calle Río Lerma just north of Calle Revolución, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Salamanca, Guanajuato 36700, Mexico.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Ex-Convent of Saint Augustine (here, next to this marker); Hacienda of the Cañada de Ortega Sanctuary (here, next to this marker); The Lord of the Hospital (within shouting distance of this marker); The Founders of Salamanca (within shouting distance of this marker); The Main Garden or Constitution Square (within shouting distance of this marker); The House of the Inquisitor (about 120 meters away, measured in a direct line); The Temple of Saint Augustine (about 150 meters away); Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (about 180 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Salamanca.
Categories. • Agriculture • Colonial Era • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on March 22, 2018. This page originally submitted on March 22, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 41 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on March 22, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.