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Memphis in Shelby County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

American Cutoff Mile/Greenville, Mississippi/Tarpley Cutoff

Panel #38 Mississippi Riverwalk

 
 
American Cutoff Mile/Greenville, Mississippi/Tarpley Cutoff Marker image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, May 18, 2010
1. American Cutoff Mile/Greenville, Mississippi/Tarpley Cutoff Marker
Inscription.
A) American Cutoff Mile
Mile 526.5 AHP

In the flood of 1858, the Mississippi cut through the neck of American Bend, and the abandoned river bed was renamed Lake Lee. The first steamboat to try to navigate the American Cutoff was the Pennsylvania, with cub pilot, Sam Clemens aboard. Clemens recalled the Pennsylvania's futile attempt to conquer the gushing cutoff in his book Life on the Mississippi under his river inspired pen name, Mark Twain.

B) Greenville, Mississippi
Mile 540.0 AHP

Was founded in 1828, Greenville lay three miles south of Natchez. It grew to become the business and cultural center for the large cotton plantations which surrounded it. During the Civil War, the town was burned to the ground. Greenville was? The old Blantonia Plantation, the highest point on the Mississippi River between Memphis and Vicksburg. Despite its elevation? To floods. In the great flood of 1927, ... from the Mounds Landing Crevasse, upriver ... for over 70 days. Were new levees soon built ... and Cutoff was constructed removing Bachelorsí Bend ... from the Mississippi channel. Was the bend renamed ... and it was made into a large slack-water harbor. While still a? And the natural center, Greenville has become a major industrial? And its port handles the largest tonnage in the state. The? Is headquarters for a number of barge towing and repair installations.

C) Tarpley Cutoff
Mile 541.5 AHP

The third of the Greenville Bends, Spanish Moss Bend, was bypassed by Tarpley Cutoff in 1935. Travelers in the early 1800ís reported that this bend was the farthest north that Spanish moss appeared on the river. Tall ciphers trees were festooned with the plants which early settlers harvested, dried, and used for matters stuffings.

Photo Edit: (1)Greenville flood of 1927, NOAA (2) Greenville Harbor, USACE
 
Erected by Mississippi Riverwalk. (Marker Number 38.)
 
Location. 35° 8.968′ N, 90° 3.507′ W. Marker is in Memphis, Tennessee, in Shelby County. Marker can be reached from Island Drive 0.8 miles south of West A.W. Willis Avenue when traveling south. Touch for map. Located in Mud Island River Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 125 N Front St, Memphis TN 38103, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Mississippi Riverwalk (here, next to this marker); Ohio River (here, next to this marker); Cairo, Illinois (here, next to this marker); Islands No. 2, 3, and 4/Fort Jefferson, Kentucky/Birdís Point, Missouri (here, next to this marker); Island No. 5 (Wolf Island)/Belmont, Missouri/Columbus, Kentucky (here, next to this marker); Donaldson Point, Missouri/Island No. 8/Hickman, Kentucky/Dorena Crevasse (here, next to this marker); New Madrid, Missouri/Cates Casting Field/Island No. 10 (here, next to this marker); Tiptonville, Tennessee/Bixby Towhead (here, next to this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Memphis.
 
Also see . . .
1. Life on the Mississippi. Life on the Mississippi (1883) is a memoir by Mark Twain of his days as a steamboat pilot on the Mississippi River before the American Civil War, and also a travel book, recounting his trip along the Mississippi River from St. Louis to New Orleans many years after the War. (Submitted on March 27, 2018, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa.) 

2. Blantonia Plantation. Blantonia Plantation House is a historic Southern plantation of Blantonia in Lorman, Jefferson County, Mississippi. (Submitted on March 27, 2018, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa.) 
 
Categories. DisastersWar, US CivilWaterways & Vessels
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on March 29, 2018. This page originally submitted on March 27, 2018, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. This page has been viewed 58 times since then. Photo   1. submitted on March 27, 2018, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
 
Editor’s want-list for this marker. Wide shot of marker and its surroundings. • Can you help?
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