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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Santo Domingo, Distrito Nacional, Dominican Republic
 

María Toledo Square

 
 
María Toledo Square Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 10, 2018
1. María Toledo Square Marker
Inscription.
Plaza María de Toledo
Fue construida sobre las ruinas de dos casas del siglo XVI, se levantó en honor a la primera Virreina Consorte de las Indias María de Toledo, (1490-1549) casada con Diego Colón, el hijo primogénito de Cristobal Colón. Nieta del I Duque de Alba y sobrina del II Duque de Alba, primo del Rey Fernando el Católico, fue la dama de más alta nobleza en llegar a la primera ciudad del Nuevo Mundo.

En su corte llegaron mujeres de alta cuna del Reino de Castilla. Impuso el lujo de los ropajes femeninos, joyas y tocados hasta entonces nunca usados en America y prohibidos expresamente por la Corona. Al lograr la Virreina un permiso especial para tales usos, se convirtió en el personaje central de la sociedad colonial que pretendía replicar las costumbres aristocráticas de la corte en el Nuevo Mundo. De acuerdo a las crónicas, defendió con vehemencia a los taínos del maltrato de los españoles. Doña Maria gozó de una prominente posición de influencia y poder dentro del círculo más importante de la Colonia y sobre su propio esposo.

Con la misma ferocidad que defendió a los nativos, lucho y defendió derechos, títulos y herencias de sus 4 hijos, luego del fallecimiento de su esposo.

La Plaza María de Toledo nos recuerda a la más importante figura femenina de la oligarquía española
María Toledo Square Marker English version image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 10, 2018
2. María Toledo Square Marker English version
del Siglo XVI en la Hispaniola.

English:
María Toledo Square
It was built on the ruins of two houses of the sixteenth century, rose in honor of the first viceroy of the Indies, Maria de Toledo, (1490-1549) married to Diego Columbus, firstborn son of Christopher Columbus, granddaughter of the I Duque de Alba and nephew of the II Duke of Alba, cousin of the King Ferdinand the Catholic. She was the lady of highest nobility to arrive to the first city of the New World.

In her court came women of high birth of the Kingdom of Castile. She imposed the luxury of feminine clothing, jewels and headdresses that had previously never been used in America and expressly forbidden by the crown. When the Viceroy obtained a special permit for such uses, she became the central character of colonial society, which sought to replicate the aristocratic customs of laurel in the New World. According to the chronicles, she vehemently defended the tainos of the mistreatment of the Spaniards. Madam María enjoyed a prominent position of influence and power within the most important circle of the Colony and even over her own husband.

With the same ferocity that she defended the natives, she fought and defended the rights, titles, and inheritances of her 4 children's, after the death of her husband.

The Plaza María de Toledo reminds us
María Toledo Square and Markers image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 10, 2018
3. María Toledo Square and Markers
The markers can be seen here mounted to the entrance to the square, with the Pantheon of the Nation (Panteón de la Patria) in the distance.
of the most important female figure of the Spanish oligarchy of the 16th century in Hispaniola.
 
Location. 18° 28.495′ N, 69° 52.974′ W. Marker is in Santo Domingo, Distrito Nacional. Marker is on Calle Las Damas just north of Calle Padre Billini, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Santo Domingo, Distrito Nacional 10210, Dominican Republic.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Pantheon of the Nation (a few steps from this marker); The Dávila House (within shouting distance of this marker); Christopher Columbus' Last Residence (within shouting distance of this marker); House of the Jesuits (within shouting distance of this marker); The French Embassy (within shouting distance of this marker); Chapel of Our Lady of the Remedies (within shouting distance of this marker); The House of the Rectory (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); The Residence of Treasurer Cristóbal de Santa Clara (about 90 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Santo Domingo.
 
Categories. Colonial EraWomen
 
A statue of María Toledo in her namesake square image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 10, 2018
4. A statue of María Toledo in her namesake square
The statue's base includes historical information that is very similar to the featured markers.
María Toledo statue historical information image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 10, 2018
5. María Toledo statue historical information
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 30, 2018. This page originally submitted on March 28, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 58 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on March 28, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.   4, 5. submitted on March 29, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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