Intersection of State and South Canal streets
William Johnson, a freed person of color, was a barber, entrepreneur, and slave owner. He built this house in 1841 using materials salvaged after the 1840 tornado that damaged much of downtown. His diary details its construction and provides insight into business deals, politics, and entertainments like horse races and cockfights. His family lived upstairs, and one of his first-floor tenants was a dancing master. Johnson's descendants lived in the house until 1976. Today, the National Park Service maintains the property as a house museum and interpretive center that is one unit of Natchez National Historical Park.
The Mississippi Central Railroad Depot (behind you) sits on land bought from William Johnson's family in 1906. In the 1900s, the railroad played an important role in the Great Northern Migration of African Americans from the South. This exodus resulted from a combination of available factory jobs in the North, racial segregation in the South, boll weevil-infested cotton, and farm machines that displaced workers. In recent years, this station has housed shops and condominiums.
The Natchez & Hamburg Railroad was planned in the early 1830s to run from Natchez to Jackson, but construction went only as far as Hamburg in Jefferson County. Natchez failed to develop railroad connections
At the end of World War II, an automobile dealership, Bluff City Motors, replaced almost two blocks of historic buildings on South Canal Street. The automobile proved to be the greatest threat to the historic character of Natchez as car dealerships, service stations, tire stores, and parking lots rapidly took the place of historic buildings.
Erected by City of Natchez.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Natchez Trails marker series.
Location. 31° 33.622′ N, 91° 24.365′ W. Marker is in Natchez, Mississippi, in Adams County. Marker is on State Street west of South Canal Street, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 210 State Street, Natchez MS 39120, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The William Johnson House (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named William Johnson House (within shouting distance of this marker); Intersection of State and South Wall streets (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Adams County Confederate Memorial (about 400 feet away); Texada (about 400 feet away); Commercial Bank Building (about 500 feet away); Intersection of Washington and South Wall Streets (about 500 feet away); Intersection of Main and Canal Streets (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Natchez.
Categories. • Railroads & Streetcars • Roads & Vehicles • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on March 29, 2018. This page originally submitted on March 29, 2018, by Cajun Scrambler of Assumption, Louisiana. This page has been viewed 67 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on March 29, 2018.