World War II
Twenty years after the "the war to end war," World War I, a far more brutal, destructive, and deadlier conflict broke out—World War II. Fought from 1939 to 1945, the Second World War included almost every nation in the world, with the major powers dividing themselves into two military alliances. On one side were the Axis powers—primarily Germany, Italy, and Japan. On the other side, the Allies—Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States. The war turned out to be the largest and deadliest struggle in human history, resulting in 40 to 70 million deaths. As it did in the run up to World War I, the U.S. remained neutral as long as it could before joining the Allies in 1941. More than any other single incident, World War II catapulted the United States into the role of Superpower, a role that it has yet to relinquish.
Most historians recognize Germany's invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939, as the start of World War II, but in some ways, the war started long before that. Adolf Hitler and his Nazi party rose to power by playing to German resentment of the harsh terms of the Treaty of Versailles, which had ended World War I. Throughout the 1930s, Hitler violated the terms of the Treaty by annexing and invading neighboring states. He also started the systematic persecution of
At first, America responded to the events in Europe and Asia during the 1930s with only official declarations of neutrality. This is not to say that Americans were unconcerned about Hitler's aggression. By June 1940, the Führer managed to conquer most of Western Europe, which left Great Britain as the last great western democracy fighting alone against the holocaustic Nazi war machine. The American president, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, tried to keep Britain afloat by supplying the island nation with munitions, but such support ultimately led to German submarines attacking American ships by September 1941.
Aftermath and Significance
The U.S. military fought in all three main theaters of World War Il-The Mediterranean, Europe, and the
Finally, World War II had an incalculable psychological impact on the world. The war ended in Japan because the atomic age began. The U.S. had developed and used atomic weapons for the first time in history on Japan. A nuclear arms race ensued and became a major part of the Cold War. As the Soviet and American blocs competed to see who could build the most powerful and most numerous nuclear weapons, for the first time in history, human beings had to face the possibility of self-extinction through a calamitous nuclear holocaust. Though the Cold War ended in 1991, in many ways, the dread of the nuclear age remains.
Location. 30° 13.708′ N, 90° 54.782′ W. Marker is in Gonzales, Louisiana, in Ascension Parish. Marker can be reached from South Irma Boulevard 0.3 miles north of East Worthey Street, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gonzales LA 70737, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. WWII - War In The Pacific (here, next to this marker); WWII - War In The Mediterranean (here, next to this marker); WWII - War In Europe (here, next to this marker); A View From The Trenches: A Doughboy From Donaldsonville Writes Home (a few steps from this marker); World War I (a few steps from this marker); "The War to End War" (a few steps from this marker); The Vietnam War (a few steps from this marker); The Korean War (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gonzales.
More about this marker. Located in the Gonzales Veterans Memorial Park
Categories. • War, World II •
Credits. This page was last revised on April 1, 2018. This page originally submitted on April 1, 2018, by Cajun Scrambler of Assumption, Louisiana. This page has been viewed 51 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on April 1, 2018.