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San Francisco in San Francisco City and County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
 

The Old Broadway Jail

San Francisco's First County Jail (1851-1906) - 534 Broadway

 
 
The Old Broadway Jail Marker image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, April 7, 2018
1. The Old Broadway Jail Marker
Inscription. Constructed at the foot of Telegraph Hill in 1851, the Old Broadway Jail was San Francisco's first real prison, a three-story brick fortress consisting of 60 cells that could house up to 200 prisoners. In 1856, the jail saw hundreds of members of the Vigilance Committee, a citizen-vigilante group, converge on the prison to demand the handing-over of the murderer of a local newspaper editor, who was swiftly found guilty by the committee and hanged two days later. A half-century later, the jail was irreparably damaged in the 1906 Earthquake and dynamited shortly thereafter.
 
Erected 2018 by Top of Broadway Community Benefits District.
 
Location. 37° 47.881′ N, 122° 24.374′ W. Marker is in San Francisco, California, in San Francisco City and County. Marker is at the intersection of Broadway and Romolo Place, on the right when traveling west on Broadway. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 534 Broadway, San Francisco CA 94133, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Finnochio's (within shouting distance of this marker); The Condor (within shouting distance of this marker); Lupo’s Restaurant (about 300 feet away,
The Old Broadway Jail Marker - Wide View image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, April 7, 2018
2. The Old Broadway Jail Marker - Wide View
The marker is visible here on the corner, mounted in the sidewalk, next to the parking meter.
measured in a direct line); The Stinking Rose (about 300 feet away); The Saloon (about 300 feet away); San Francisco Brewing Company (about 400 feet away); Mona's 440 Club (about 500 feet away); St. Francis of Assisi Church (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in San Francisco.
 
More about this marker. This is one of ten historical markers installed by the Top of Broadway Community Benefits District in the Spring of 2018.
 
Also see . . .
1. The 1856 Committee of Vigilance (The Virtual Museum of the City of San Francisco). (Submitted on April 9, 2018.)
2. 1856: Casey and Cora, by the San Francisco Vigilance Committee (ExecutedToday.com). (Submitted on April 9, 2018.)
3. San Francisco Committee of Vigilance (Wikipedia). (Submitted on April 9, 2018.)
 
Categories. Notable Buildings
 
<i>Great excitement in San Francisco,...</i> front of the jail, the Vigilance Committee taking image. Click for full size.
Lithograph by J. Dallas (image courtesy of the Bancroft Library, UC Berkeley), 1856
3. Great excitement in San Francisco,... front of the jail, the Vigilance Committee taking
Full title: Great excitement in San Francisco, front of the jail, the Vigilance Committee taking possession of Cora and Casey.

It is worth noting that the marker only mentions Casey, and only indirectly by way of the crime committed, rather than by name. The Vigilance Committee sentenced and hanged two persons on May 22, 1856 - Charles Cora (for the murder of U.S. Marshal Richardson), and James P. Casey (for the murder of newspaper editor James King, who had editorialized that Sheriff David Scannell should hang if Cora were allowed (through corrupt connections) to escape). Cora and Casey were actually taken from the jail by mobs at different times.

 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 9, 2018. This page originally submitted on April 9, 2018, by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California. This page has been viewed 70 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on April 9, 2018, by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California.
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