Applegate Trail - Oakland
Southern Route to Oregon
The first emigrants to trek the new “Southern Road” left with the trailblazers from Fort Hall in early August 1846. With Levi Scott acting as guide, while Jesse Applegate traveled ahead to mark the route, the hardy emigrants blazed a wagon trail through nearly 500 miles of wilderness arriving in the upper Willamette Valley in November. Emigrant travel continued along the Applegate Trail in later years and contributed greatly to the settlement of southern Oregon and the Willamette Valley.
A Town is Born
Applegate Trail emigrants found the descent of Canyon Creek the most difficult in their travels. Weakened by sickness and hunger, and beset by the loss of livestock, some spent the winter of 1846-47 in this valley. Rev. Joseph A. Cornwall, unwilling to abandon his library, erected the first cabin, about a mile to the north, where he and his family waited for better weather and health before moving on. In 1851 Dr. Dorsey S. Baker established the region's first grist mill and town — Oakland — across Calapooya
Erected by Applegate Trail Coalition.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Applegate Trail marker series.
Location. 43° 25.283′ N, 123° 17.948′ W. Marker is in Oakland, Oregon, in Douglas County. Marker is at the intersection of NE 1st Street and SE Maple Street, on the left when traveling north on NE 1st Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Oakland OR 97462, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 6 other markers are within 15 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Historic Oakland (within shouting distance of this marker); Water Wheel (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); The First Cabin in Douglas County (approx. 1.1 miles away); The Cow Creeks (approx. 4 miles away); Medal of Honor Recipients Moon Tree (approx. 14 miles away); Pinot Noir (approx. 14.4 miles away).
Also see . . . Applegate Trail: History of the Southern Route (Oregon-California Trails Association). "Applegate Trail is the common name of a new wagon road to the Willamette Valley which was a southern alternative to the Oregon Trail along the Columbia. It was located in 1846 by an exploring party in which two Applegate brothers played a leading role." (Submitted on April 27, 2018.)
Categories. • Roads & Vehicles • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on April 27, 2018. This page originally submitted on April 27, 2018, by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California. This page has been viewed 71 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on April 27, 2018, by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California.