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Christiana in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Christiana Riot Monument

 
 
Detail of Text of East Face of Monument (the presumed front of the obelisk) image. Click for full size.
By Geoff Marsh, March 2, 2008
1. Detail of Text of East Face of Monument (the presumed front of the obelisk)
Inscription. (East Face) In Commemoration of the “Christiana Riot” September 11, 1851, and the Treason Trials Sept. 29 – Dec. 17, 1851.

(North Face)
Indicted for Treason
U.S. Circuit Court
E.D. PA.
Aug. 1 1851:
1. Gastiner Hanway
2. Joseph Scarlet
3. Elijah Lewis
4. James Jackson
5. George Williams
6. Jacob Moore
7. George Reed
8. Benjamin Johnson
9. Daniel Caulsberry
10. Alson Pernsley
11. William Brown, 2nd
12. Henry Green
13. Elijah Clark
14. John Holliday
15. William Williams
16. Benj. Pindergrast
17. John Morgan
18. Ezekiel Thompson
19. Thomas Butler
20. Collister Wilson
21. John Jackson
22. William Brown
23. Isaiah Clarkson
24. Henry Sims
25. Charles Hunter
26. Lewis Gates
27. Peter Woods
28. Lewis Clarkson
29. Nelson Carter
30. William Parker
31. John Berry
32. William Berry
33. Samuel Williams
34. Josh Hammond
35. Henry Curtis
36. Wash. Williams
37. William Thomas
38. Nelson Ford

(West Face) Tried Nov. 24, – Dec. 11, 1851, Castner Hanway, “Not Guilty.” He suffered for Freedom.

(South Face) Killed: Edward Gorsuch, he died for Law. Wounded:
East Face (presumed front of monument) image. Click for full size.
By Geoff Marsh, March 2, 2008
2. East Face (presumed front of monument)
Dickson Gorsuch. father and son of Baltimore Co. Md. Joshua Gorsuch.
 
Erected 1911.
 
Location. 39° 57.321′ N, 75° 59.66′ W. Marker is in Christiana, Pennsylvania, in Lancaster County. Marker is at the intersection of Green Street and Slokom Avenue on Green Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Christiana PA 17509, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Atglen (approx. 1.2 miles away); Atglen Borough Hall (approx. 1.2 miles away); The Christiana Riot (approx. 1.6 miles away); The Gap Clock Tower (approx. 2.4 miles away); William Chester Ruth (approx. 2.8 miles away); Great Minquas Path (approx. 2.9 miles away); A Stream for Steam (approx. 4.4 miles away); Kinzer (approx. 5 miles away).
 
Regarding Christiana Riot Monument. In early September 1851 Edward Gorsuch and party from Baltimore County, Maryland, set forth out of Philadelphia where they had obtained papers under the Fugitive Slave Act. The papers permitted them to recapture Gorsuch’s slaves who had escaped from his farm in 1849 and who were rumored to be living near Christiana, PA. On September 11, 1851 Gorsuch and his party came to a house on Valley Road outside of Christiana,
North Face image. Click for full size.
By Geoff Marsh, March 2, 2008
3. North Face
where the escaped slaves were staying at the time with a charismatic, mercurial and sometimes violent African American abolitionist—William Parker. Attempts to present the documents from Philadephia were rebuffed with force and Gorsuch was killed in the ensuing conflict—his son being wounded as well. The events resulted in the Marylanders returning empty-handed and the participants defending the slaves being indicted on treason charges, though only one was tried and he was acquitted. Other charges were brought against other participants (beyond the treason charges) but for the most part they were either acquitted or sentenced to time served.
 
Also see . . .  The Christiana Riot and the Treason Trials of 1851. "The Christiana Riot and the Treason Trials of 1851: An Historical Sketch" by W.U. Hensel consists of over 130 (short) pages of text about the events surrounding September 11, 1851 prepared for the 1911 commemoration of the events. (Submitted on March 2, 2008, by Geoff Marsh of Beltsville, Maryland.) 
 
Categories. Abolition & Underground RR
 
West Face image. Click for full size.
By Geoff Marsh, March 2, 2008
4. West Face
South Face image. Click for full size.
By Geoff Marsh, March 2, 2008
5. South Face
Christiana Tragedy image. Click for full size.
Internet Archive
6. Christiana Tragedy
This engraving appeared in William Still's book The Underground Railroad, published in 1872.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on May 11, 2018. This page originally submitted on March 2, 2008, by Geoff Marsh of Beltsville, Maryland. This page has been viewed 4,611 times since then and 132 times this year. Last updated on May 11, 2018, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on March 2, 2008, by Geoff Marsh of Beltsville, Maryland.   6. submitted on May 11, 2018, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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