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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Ellery in Chautauqua County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Land Around Us

 
 
The Land Around Us Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, May 18, 2018
1. The Land Around Us Marker
Inscription.
The Land Around Us
Farmhouse/Settlement
Courtesy: Fenton History Center, Jamestown, N.Y.

By the end of the 1700's the Holland Land Company was operating in western New York, including Chautauqua County. The first permanent European settlers arrived soon after, and by 1811 the county's population surpassed 500 European inhabitants.

Chautauqua Lake sits 700 feet higher than Lake Erie, although only six miles away. Lake Erie's waters drain into the Atlantic Ocean, while Chautauqua Lake's waters drain into the Gulf of Mexico.

The Land Around Us
Barcelona Harbor
Courtesy: Chautauqua County Historical Society, Westfield, N.Y.

Limited information exists regarding the early occupants of this area. Indications of the culture known as the "Mound Builder" have been found, followed by evidence of Erie Indian occupation. The Seneca were the next occupants dominating the area. The descendants of the Seneca, many still living in Chautauqua County, maintain four reservations in western New York.

French explorers landed in Chautauqua County on the shore of Lake Erie in the 1740's, seeking a southward passage to the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. The route connecting Barcelona Harbor on Lake Erie with Chautauqua Lake, later known as the Portage Trail, offered
The Land Around Us Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, May 18, 2018
2. The Land Around Us Marker
the answer.
 
Location. 42° 8.042′ N, 79° 20.951′ W. Marker is in Ellery, New York, in Chautauqua County. Marker is at the intersection of Chautauqua Lake Rest Area and 86 East, on the right on Chautauqua Lake Rest Area. Touch for map. Marker is the first of four at the I-86 Chautauqua Lake Rest Area between exits 10 & 11; eastbound only. Marker is in this post office area: Bemus Point NY 14712, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. What Does "Chautauqua" Mean? (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Transportation (about 400 feet away); Packard Mansion (approx. 2.3 miles away); Lakeview House, Sterlingworth Hotel and Lakewood Country Club (approx. 2.3 miles away); First Kent House and Second Kent House (approx. 2.3 miles away); Lakewood Honor Roll (approx. 2.3 miles away); Paul Sorg Mansion (approx. 2.3 miles away); Aull Cottage (approx. 2.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Ellery.
 
Categories. ExplorationNative Americans
 
The Land Around Us Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, May 18, 2018
3. The Land Around Us Marker
The Land Around Us Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, May 18, 2018
4. The Land Around Us Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on May 20, 2018. This page originally submitted on May 20, 2018, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. This page has been viewed 66 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 20, 2018, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York.
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