Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Middleburg in Loudoun County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Mount Defiance

The Battle of Middleburg

 

—Gettysburg Campaign —

 
Mount Defiance Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Stahl, May 26, 2018
1. Mount Defiance Marker
Inscription.
(preface)
After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into Pennsylvania. Union Gen. George G. Meade, who replaced Gen. Joseph Hooker on June 28, led the Army of the Potomac in pursuit. Confederate cavalry commander Gen. J.E.B. Stuart cut Federal communications and rail lines an captured supplies. The armies collided at Gettysburg on July 1, starting a battle that neither general planned to fight there. Three days later, the defeated Confederates retreated, crossing the Potomac River into Virginia on July 14th.

(main text)
The three buildings in front of you—a blacksmith shop that was used as a rendezvous for Col. John S. Mosby's rangers, the smith's house to your right, and a tavern to the left—were standing here on the Ashby's Gap Turnpike during the cavalry battle on June 19, 1863.

Two days after the fight at Aldie, the troopers clashed again here as Confederate Gen. J.E.B> Stuart continued to screen Gen. Robert E. Lee's march north from probing Union cavalry. Two Confederate artillery batteries were posted where you are standing and aimed east toward the Federals. After an artillery duel in
Mount Defiance Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Stahl, May 26, 2018
2. Mount Defiance Marker
the morning, Union Gen. David McMurtrie Gregg advanced two Union brigades across open fields to your right, meeting determined resistance. Then they reached the woods on the ridge in front of you, where Stuart had deployed Gen. John R. Chambliss's brigade north of the turnpike and Gen. Beverly H. Robertson's brigade here and to the south. The mounted and dismounted Federals fought their way southward through the woods, driving the Confederates "from tree to tree" to this point, where fighting swirled around the blacksmith's shop. Stuart withdrew his artillery, and Chambliss formed a new line across the turnpike 500 yards to your left. His line held while the other Confederate retreated west to the high ground around Bittersweet Farm. The Federals halted, exhausted by the torrid heat and fighting. Stuart had again accomplished his goal by blocking the Union Cavalry's westward probes.

(sidebar)
Johann August Heinrich Heros von Brocke, a Prussion Army lieutenant who came to America to fight for the Confederacy, was a good friend and aide-de-camp to Gen. J.E.B. Stuart. South of here, during the Battle of Middleburg, the 6-foot-4-inch von Borcke was shot in the neck and seriously wounded. he recuperated in Upperville. Stuart wrote of him; "Like a mast after a storm with its sails torn, and drooping, he drags along, a wreck of the noblest manhood. His heart however
Blacksmith’s Shop image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Stahl, May 26, 2018
3. Blacksmith’s Shop
unchanged." Von Borcke died in Prussia in 1895 of complications from his war wounds.
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Location. 38° 58.051′ N, 77° 45.749′ W. Marker is in Middleburg, Virginia, in Loudoun County. Marker can be reached from John Mosby Highway (U.S. 50) west of Zulla Road (Virginia Route 709), on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 36001 John Mosby Hwy, Middleburg VA 20117, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Battle of Middleburg (approx. ¼ mile away); a different marker also named Battle of Middleburg (approx. 1.3 miles away); Middleburg (approx. 1.4 miles away); Middleburg Baptist Church (approx. 1.7 miles away); Mosby’s Rangers (approx. 2.4 miles away); Welbourne (approx. 2.4 miles away); Rector’s Crossroads (approx. 2½ miles away); Rector House (approx. 2.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Middleburg.
 
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Middleburg - Overview. (Submitted on May 30, 2018, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia.)
2. Battle of Middleburg - Map. (Submitted on May 30, 2018, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia.)
3. Battle of Middleburg - 10 Facts. (Submitted on May 30, 2018, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia.)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Blacksmith’s House image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Stahl, May 28, 2017
4. Blacksmith’s House
Tavern image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Stahl, May 28, 2018
5. Tavern
Stuart’s Artillery image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Stahl, May 26, 2018
6. Stuart’s Artillery
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on May 31, 2018. This page originally submitted on May 30, 2018, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia. This page has been viewed 86 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on May 30, 2018, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
Paid Advertisement