Fort Morgan in Baldwin County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
First Battle of Fort Bowyer
September 14, 1814
3 Killed; 5 Wounded
130 Creek Indians
4 Ships; 80 Cannon
23 Killed; 47 Wounded
On September 11, 1814, HMS Hermes, HMS Sophie, HMS Carron, and HMS Childress sailed within nine miles of Fort Bowyer and landed 60 Royal Marines with a howitzer and 120 Creek Indians under the command of Captain Woodbine. A portion of this land force would march westward toward the fort and offer support of the ship to shore bombardment of the fort while the reindeer traveled to Bon Secoui as a rear guard.
At 3:30 on September 14, the British naval force, HMS Hermes in the lead position, under the command of Captain Sir William Percy engaged the fort. Three of the vessels were unable to provide much support during the attack as wind conditions prevented two from securing a poison within range of the fort while Sophie’s timbers were so rotten that its guns overturned when fired. The situation soon turned against the Hermes as its bow spring was shot away causing the helpless vessel to swing around and allow the fort’s cannon to red the decks from bow to stern. By 6:00 p.m., the Hermes began drifting and running aground.
The victory at Fort Bowyer provided a much-needed morale boost for the United States. Major Lawrence and his garrison were highly praised throughout the country for their stubborn defense and Lawrence would be brevetted to Lieutenant Colonel for his actions. The British failure would result in their attempting another route to New Orleans. In January 1815, that alternate route would result in their disastrous defeat below the city at the hands of Andrew Jackson.
The Fort Bowyer Historic Wayside Project was possible through the continued generous support of The Society War of 1812 State of Alabama
Erected by The Society War
Location. 30° 13.79′ N, 88° 1.409′ W. Marker is in Fort Morgan, Alabama, in Baldwin County. Marker can be reached from Fort Morgan Road (Alabama Route 180) 2 miles west of Dune Drive, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. The marker is located at Fort Morgan, on Mobile Bay. Marker is in this post office area: Gulf Shores AL 36542, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Second Battle of Fort Bowyer (here, next to this marker); Fort Bowyer (here, next to this marker); Noble Leslie DeVotie (a few steps from this marker); Fort Bowyer War of 1812 (a few steps from this marker); 32 Pounder Sea Coast Defense Gun (within shouting distance of this marker); Battery Schenck (1899-1923) (within shouting distance of this marker); U.S. Model 1918M1 155mm Gun and Model 1918A1 Carriage (within shouting distance of this marker); Battery Thomas (1898-1917) (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Morgan.
Also see . . . First Battle of Fort Bowyer. Capturing the fort would enable the British to move on Mobile and thereby block Louisiana's trade. From Mobile, the British could move overland to Natchez to cut off New Orleans from the north. Percy took with him HMS Hermes (22 guns), HMS Sophie (18 guns), HMS Carron (20 guns; Captain Robert Cavendish Spencer), and a fourth vessel, HMS Childers (18 guns; Capt. Umfreville). (Submitted on June 5, 2018, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa.)
Categories. • Forts, Castles • Man-Made Features • War of 1812 • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 7, 2018. This page originally submitted on June 5, 2018, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. This page has been viewed 89 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on June 5, 2018, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.