Near Castile in Wyoming County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
set aside for Mary Jemison
White Woman of the Genessee
during the Big Tree Treaty
of 1797 at Geneseo N.Y.
William G. Pomeroy Foundation 2014
Marker series. This marker is included in the William G. Pomeroy Foundation marker series.
Location. 42° 36.952′ N, 77° 59.947′ W. Marker is near Castile, New York, in Wyoming County. Marker is on Letchworth Park Road ¼ mile north of Degolyer Road (County Route 41), on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is located inside Letchworth State Park, 2.8 miles north of the Castile entrance from Denton Conners Road. Marker is in this post office area: Castile NY 14427, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Wolf Creek (approx. half a mile away); Lower Falls Camp SP-49 (approx. 1.8 miles away); CCC Statue (approx. 1.8 miles away); William Pryor Letchworth 1823 - 1910 (approx. 2.6 miles away); Genesee Valley Canal (approx. 2.7 miles away); Camp Portage First New York Dragoons / 136th New York Infantry (approx. 2.8 miles away); Civil War Parade Ground (approx. 2.8 miles away).
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Gardeau Tract
Also see . . .
1. The Gardeau Grant of 1797. At the Big Treaty of 1797, the Seneca People reserved the lands that would be known as the Gardeau Reservation. After the Treaty, while the Council Fire still burned, they issued a grant of land to Mary Jemison who lived with her family at Gardeau. (Submitted on June 15, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
2. Mary Jemison, or Dehgewanus, "The White Woman of the Genesee". Mary Jemison was captured by Shawnee Indians and French soldiers in Pennsylvania on April 5, 1758. She was later sold to Senecas who took her to Ohio. She was adopted by the Senecas and renamed Dehgewanus. She married, and went with her husband and their young son to Seneca territory in western New York. They lived in relative peace in the Gardeau Flats, and she was known as the "Old White Woman of the Genesee." By 1797 she was a large landowner. When the Senecas sold the land to which they'd moved, they reserved land for her use. She sold the land in 1831 and moved to a reservation near Buffalo, where she died on September 19, 1833. (Submitted on June 15, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
3. Early Wyoming County History. Mary Jemison, who was called by the Senecas simply "the white woman," was a resident of the Genesee Valley for seventy-two years, fifty-two of which were lived at Gardeau Flats, near the town of Castile, Wyoming. Captured by the Indians in 1755, she was adopted by two Seneca women, and later married a Delaware. In 1779, she came to live on the Flats, called in the Seneca, "Kautam," or in the English, "Gardeau." She died in 1833 at the age of ninety or ninety-one. In the treaty made by the Senecas with Robert Morris in 1797, they reserved for Mary Jemison a tract of 17,927 acres. Upon this tract she lived with her descendants until 1816. (Submitted on June 15, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Categories. • Native Americans • Notable Places • Women •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 18, 2018. This page originally submitted on June 15, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 53 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on June 15, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.