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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Frederick in Frederick County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Barbara Fritchie: Civil War Heroine

 
 
Barbara Fritchie: Civil War Heroine Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, June 20, 2018
1. Barbara Fritchie: Civil War Heroine Marker
Inscription.
"Over Barbara Frietchie's grave,
Flag of Freedom and Union, wave!
"

John Greenleaf Whittier
From the poem, entitled “Barbara Frietchie,”
Atlantic Monthly magazine, October, 1863


Barbara Fritchie's 96 years of life spanned our country's history including three major conflicts on American soil. Born Barbara Hauer in 1766, Ms. Fritchie moved with her family to Frederick from Lancaster, Pennsylvania. The wife of a glove-maker, her long life was humble and frugal, typical of German settlers of the period.

“Barbara Frietchie,” a poem written by John Greenleaf Whittier of Massachusetts, was based on a story told to the author relating to the 1862 invasion of Maryland during the American Civil War by Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. The Confederates, along with their legendary general Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson, occupied Frederick in early September, hoping to garner supplies and support for the Rebel cause. Whittier's poem created a patriotic fervor in the North, making household names out of Barbara Fritchie and Frederick, Maryland in the process. The poem is still considered one of the best examples of American poetry, inspiring countless visitors to seek “the clustered spires of Frederick Town,” the Fritchie house,
Barbara Fritchie: Civil War Heroine Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, June 20, 2018
2. Barbara Fritchie: Civil War Heroine Marker
and Dame Barbara's final resting spot.
 
Location. 39° 24.172′ N, 77° 25.004′ W. Marker is in Frederick, Maryland, in Frederick County. Marker can be reached from South Market Street (Maryland Route 355) south of Mt Olivet Boulevard, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Located in Mt. Olivet Cemetery. Marker is at or near this postal address: 515 S Market St, Frederick MD 21701, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Jane Hanson National Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Thomas Johnson (within shouting distance of this marker); War of 1812 Soldier (within shouting distance of this marker); Confederate Sentinel (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Civil War Children's Memorial (about 700 feet away); John Ross Key and Anne Charlton Key (about 800 feet away); Richard Potts - Revolutionary War Patriot (approx. 0.2 miles away); Confederate Row (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Frederick.
 
Additional comments.
1. Spelling
Barbara Fritchie's name is also spelled “Frietchie”, and sometimes even “Frietschie”. “Fritchie” seems be the preferred spelling but the poem by Whittier spelled it “Frietchie”.
Over Barbara Frietchie's Grave<br>Flag of Freedom and Union, wave! image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, June 20, 2018
3. Over Barbara Frietchie's Grave
Flag of Freedom and Union, wave!
Barbara Frietchie's Defiance by Felix O. C. Darley, 1876.
Close-up of image on marker
An influential article in the Maryland Historical Magazine, by Dorothy Mackay Quynn and William Rogers Quynn spelled it “Frietschie”.
    — Submitted June 26, 2018, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.

 
Categories. Cemeteries & Burial SitesNotable PersonsWar, US CivilWomen
 
John Greenleaf Whittier<br>1807 - 1892 image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, June 20, 2018
4. John Greenleaf Whittier
1807 - 1892
Close-up of photo on marker
Barbara Fritchie<br>1766 - 1862 image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, June 20, 2018
5. Barbara Fritchie
1766 - 1862
photographed by Jacob Birely (c. 1859)
Close-up of photo on marker
Barbara Fritchie's Original Home image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, June 20, 2018
6. Barbara Fritchie's Original Home
The original home of Barbara Fritchie was located along Carroll Creek on West Patrick Street. This structure was destroyed in a flood, and eventually replaced with a replica that opened as a museum in 1927. Among its visitors was British Prime Minister Winston Churchill who, on May 17, 1943, recited the poem from memory in the company of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
Close-up of photo on marker
The Resting Place of a Legendary Figure image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, June 20, 2018
7. The Resting Place of a Legendary Figure
Barbara Fritchie died in December, 1862 and was buried beside her husband in the former Evangelical German Reformed burying ground (N. Bentz and W. Second streets). Fifty years later Barbara and John were reinterred to Mount Olivet Cemetery amidst a grand ceremony on Memorial Day, 1913.

The granite obelisk in front of you was placed by the Barbara Fritchie Memorial Association in September, 1914 and unveiled as part of the ceremonies of the Star-Spangled Banner Centenary.
Close-up of photo on marker
Barbara Fritchie Monument and Original Headstones image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 23, 2008
8. Barbara Fritchie Monument and Original Headstones
The original headstones of John and Barbara Fritchie were moved here from the Evangelical Reformed Cemetery at North Bentz and West Second streets, now Frederick's Memorial Park, in 1913. The granite obelisk was placed here in 1914.
Barbara Fritchie image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, June 20, 2018
9. Barbara Fritchie
James Kelly's July 4, 1914 bas-relief of Barbara Fritchie.
Barbara Fritchie<br>Died Dec. 18, 1862<br>Aged 96 Years image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 23, 2008
10. Barbara Fritchie
Died Dec. 18, 1862
Aged 96 Years
John C. Fritchie<br>Died Nov. 10 1849<br>Aged 69 Years image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 23, 2008
11. John C. Fritchie
Died Nov. 10 1849
Aged 69 Years
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 20, 2018. This page originally submitted on June 21, 2018, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 89 times since then. Last updated on June 22, 2018, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on June 21, 2018, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.   10, 11. submitted on July 5, 2018, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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