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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Galveston in Galveston County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

United States National Bank Building

1925

 
 
United States National Bank Building Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, May 14, 2018
1. United States National Bank Building Marker
Inscription.
The United States National Bank started in 1874 when the Island City Savings Bank was established with a charter to operate for 50 years. In 1887 the bank was failing and called on Mr. Harris Kempner to help out the financial crisis. Mr. Kempner brought stability back to the bank and was elected President in 1891 and served until his death in 1894.

In 1902 the Kempner family purchased 75% of Island City Savings Bank stock. Since that time the Kempner interests have had a dominant part in the affairs of the institution.

In 1903 the name was changed to The Texas Bank and Trust Co. The charter under which The Texas Bank and Trust Co. operated expired on December 31, 1923. On January 1, 1924 the bank was chartered as the United States National Bank, the last national bank to use the title as Congress voted in 1923 to discontinue use of the name. In January 1971, United States National Bancshares, Inc., a registered bank holding company, was formed and acquired majority ownership of the United States National Bank of Galveston. In 1982 U.S. Bancshares merged with Cullen/Frost Bankers, Inc.

The Texas City Bank and Trust Co. was located at 2201 Market Street. Announcement of a new bank and office building was made in the Galveston Tribune January 8, 1923, under the headline, "Texas Bank & Trust Company
United States National Bank Building Marker (<i>side two</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, May 14, 2018
2. United States National Bank Building Marker (side two)
Will Erect Twelve Story Building." The United States National Bank Building was erected on the site of a store formerly occupied by Clark W. Thompson and Hammersmith's Shoe Store. Alfred C. Bossom of New York, who also designed the Magnolia Building in Dallas, was the architect with Sanquinet, Staats & Herrick of Fort Worth as associate architects. The building was constructed by the Westlake Construction Co. The new bank building was opened to the public March 21, 1925.

The twelve story granite-faced, Italian Renaissance style, steel and reinforced concrete structure is rectangular with an angled corner that signifies the entrance. Double doors with a pediment face the corner of Market and 22nd Streets. The building is supported by more than 600 pilings, 37 feet in length. It has a flat roof with wide eaves, and molded cornice. A simple entablature separates the two lower floors from the upper floors. The upper nine floors have the same window arrangement repeated on each floor. Equipment to run the building is housed on the roof.

The first story is divided into commercial spaces with display windows and entrances on 22nd Street. The second story is the banking floor. It consists of elongated arched windows separated by pilasters with Corinthian capitals. The banking room is furnished with marble floors and tables, large chandeliers, and paneled walls and
Marker (<i>side two</i>) detail: Historic Photo of U.S. National Bank Building image. Click for full size.
Courtesy of Rosenberg Library
3. Marker (side two) detail: Historic Photo of U.S. National Bank Building
ceiling. A mezzanine surrounds three sides of the room. The upper nine floors are designed for general offices.
 
Location. 29° 18.335′ N, 94° 47.561′ W. Marker is in Galveston, Texas, in Galveston County. Marker is at the intersection of Kempner Street (22nd Street) and Market Street, on the right when traveling south on Kempner Street (22nd Street). Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2201 Market Street, Galveston TX 77550, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Pix Building (within shouting distance of this marker); The Stewart Building (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Southwestern Telegraph and Telephone Building (about 500 feet away); Washington Hotel (about 500 feet away); Trueheart-Adriance Building (was about 600 feet away but has been reported missing. ); 1894 Grand Opera House (about 600 feet away); Scottish Rite Masonry (about 600 feet away); Rice, Baulard & Company Building (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Galveston.
 
Regarding United States National Bank Building. National Register of Historic Places (1984)
 
Also see . . .
1. United States National Bank building in Galveston. United
United States National Bank Building Main Entrance (<i>Kempner Street at Market Street</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, May 14, 2018
4. United States National Bank Building Main Entrance (Kempner Street at Market Street)
States National Bank building in Galveston, TX. The USNB was founded by Harris Kempner in 1874 as the Island City Saving Bank. In 1902, the name was changed to the Texas Bank & Trust Company. Today, the building houses a branch of the Frost National Bank, a successor to the USNB. (Submitted on June 25, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

2. United States National Bank of Galveston. On December 31, 1923 the bank would receive its name, United States National Bank. The Galveston bank would be the last to be chartered using this name, as in 1924 the United States Congress banned the use of the words "Reserve", "United States" and "Federal" in bank titles. Under a grandfather clause, banks that already had titles incorporating those words were allowed to keep them. (Submitted on June 25, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Categories. ArchitectureIndustry & CommerceMan-Made Features
 
National Register of Historic Places (1984) (<i>plaque mounted just left of main entrance</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, May 14, 2018
5. National Register of Historic Places (1984) (plaque mounted just left of main entrance)
United States National Bank Building (<i>northeast corner view; marker visible at intersection</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, May 14, 2018
6. United States National Bank Building (northeast corner view; marker visible at intersection)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 25, 2018. This page originally submitted on June 24, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 31 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on June 25, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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