Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
South Haven in Van Buren County, Michigan — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

History of the Channel Piers

 
 
History of the Channel Piers Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, July 24, 2017
1. History of the Channel Piers Marker
Inscription.
In 1861, the first piers appeared on the north and south side of the entrance to the Black River. The channel between the piers was dredged to allow access to larger ships. In 1867, the piers were extended and the channel was widened which allowed a greater depth to be maintained.

In 1886, plans were developed to build a pierhead beacon at the end of the pier and a keepers dwelling on a bluff near the shore. In 1872, the original South Haven light was completed. The wooden structure was thirty feet tall. An elevated storage room took up the entire first floor and above it was an octagonal cast iron lantern. The storage room contained supplies to maintain the light and was also used as a place of shelter when the keepers worked on the light. A 75 foot wooden walkway was added above the wave line from the shore to the storage room. The keepers could use this walkway to safely get to the tower when the Lake Michigan waves came crashing over the pier.

Channel dredging continued and the pier was again extended. In 1901, the wooden tower was moved 249 feet to the end of the pier. In 1902, a Fifth Order Fresnel lens was installed in the lantern room of the tower. In 1903, the wooden tower was replaced with a round, white steel structure to protect it from the weather and was topped by a black parapet and octagonal
Marker detail: Channel Piers from North Beach, 1905 image. Click for full size.
2. Marker detail: Channel Piers from North Beach, 1905
lantern room. The Fifth Order Fresnel lens was carefully removed from the old beacon and moved to the new lantern room.

In 1913, the piers were extended once more, and the tower was moved 425 feet to a new location at the end of the pier. In 1916, a fifty-two foot tall steel range tower was built on the pier some 800 feet inward from the pierhead light. Later the range tower was removed. The elevated wooden walkway was replaced with an iron catwalk and the steel tower was painted red.

Sponsored by Black River Dock Company / J & B Landing
Owned and operated by Barney Pero Since 1981
Dedicated to the preservation and growth
of the South Haven Harbor

 
Erected by Black River Dock Company/J & B Landing & Michigan Maritime Museum.
 
Location. 42° 24.12′ N, 86° 16.955′ W. Marker is in South Haven, Michigan, in Van Buren County. Marker can be reached from Water Street 0.1 miles west of St. Joseph Street, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is located on the South Haven Harbor Walk, east of South Beach Park, overlooking the Black River channel. Marker is at or near this postal address: 10 Water Street, South Haven MI 49090, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance
Marker detail: View from Lake Michigan in 1890s image. Click for full size.
3. Marker detail: View from Lake Michigan in 1890s
of this marker. Birth of City Utilities (within shouting distance of this marker); Lifesaving Station (within shouting distance of this marker); Resort Industry (within shouting distance of this marker); Over a Century of Tourism (within shouting distance of this marker); South Haven Lighthouse (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Lightkeeper's Dwelling (about 300 feet away); Entertainment Around the Harbor (approx. mile away); Commercial Shipping (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in South Haven.
 
More about this marker. Marker is a large composite plaque, mounted horizontally on waist-high posts. Marker is part of South Haven's Harbor Walk series.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. South Haven Harbor Walk
 
Also see . . .
1. South Haven Lighthouse. (This link presents a good photo of the south pier and lighthouse, taken from Lake Michigan.) (Submitted on June 26, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

2. South Haven Harbor Walk. This South Haven Harbor Walk map shows the location of this and other historical markers in South Haven. (Submitted on June 26, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

3. South Haven Light. A Fifth order Fresnel lens manufactured by Parisian glass makers Barbier and Fenestre was installed in the lantern. The U.S. Lighthouse Service elected to tear down the
Marker detail: South Haven Channel in the 1860s image. Click for full size.
4. Marker detail: South Haven Channel in the 1860s
wooden lighthouse and replace it. On October 6, 1903 ten workers arrived on the USLHS tender Hyacinth and began the project. It took a little more than a month to complete the project. According to The Daily Tribune (October 14, 1903) the lantern room was brought from Muskegon, Michigan where it had spent forty years on duty. In 1913, the location was deemed unsatisfactory, and the cast iron lighthouse was moved 425 feet (130 m) to the end of the pier. (Submitted on June 26, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

4. Black River flowing into Lake Michigan. (This link presents a winter photo of the channel, south pier, catwalk and lighthouse.) The Black River is a 4.2-mile-long river in the southwest part of Michigan that empties into Lake Michigan in South Haven, where it discharges past the South Pier Lighthouse. (Submitted on June 26, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Categories. Man-Made FeaturesNotable BuildingsWaterways & Vessels
 
Marker detail: The <i>Williams</i> steamship in the channel in the 1890s image. Click for full size.
July 24, 2017
5. Marker detail: The Williams steamship in the channel in the 1890s
History of the Channel Piers Marker (<i>wide view; overlooking the Black River channel</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, July 24, 2017
6. History of the Channel Piers Marker (wide view; overlooking the Black River channel)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 26, 2018. This page originally submitted on June 25, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 40 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on June 26, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
Paid Advertisement