Houston in Harris County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Founding of Harris County
Texas won its independence from Mexico after the Battle of San Jacinto on April 21, 1836. The First Texas Congress established the structure of county government and designated the county seat at at the new town of Houston on Buffalo Bayou in December 1836. Local residents David G. Burnet and Lorenzo de Zavala served as the first President and Vice President of the Republic of Texas until October 1836. While Houston was the capital of Texas from 1837 to 1839, City Council designated Houston as a port of call and Buffalo Bayou as a National Highway of the Republic.
Much like today's Commissioners Court, the 1837 Harrisburg County Board of Commissioners was entrusted with control and supervision of roads, ferries, and bridges, in addition to providing for support of indigent, blind, and lame citizens. The first chief justice (county executive), Andrew Briscoe, organized an initial board meeting in March 1837 with DeWitt Clinton Harris serving as
Today, the county is administered by a County Judge and four Precinct Commissioners, elected by the public. Home to over four million people, Harris County is Texas' most populous county, boasting a thriving port, world renowned medical center, NASA, and headquarters for oil, chemical, and export/import companies.
Erected 2012 by Harris County Historical Commission.
Location. 29° 45.675′ N, 95° 21.528′ W. Marker is in Houston, Texas, in Harris County. Marker is at the intersection of Congress Street and San Jacinto Street, on the right when traveling west on Congress Street. Touch for map. Marker is located at the east corner of the Harris County Jury Plaza. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1201 Congress St, Houston TX 77002, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Harris County (within shouting distance of this marker); Harris County 1910 Courthouse (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Pillot Building (about 400 feet away); Houston Bar Association (about 400 feet away); Site of General Sam Houston House (about 600 feet away); Site of Home of President Sam Houston (about 700 feet away); Sweeney, Coombs & Fredericks Building (about 700 feet away); First White House of the Republic of Texas (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Houston.
Categories. • Political Subdivisions •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 30, 2018. This page originally submitted on June 29, 2018, by Brian Anderson of Kingwood, Texas. This page has been viewed 52 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on June 29, 2018, by Brian Anderson of Kingwood, Texas. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.