Fort Mitchell in Russell County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
Fort Mitchell is located on the Federal Road on the West bank overlooking the Chattahoochee River.
General John Floyd received orders from Governor David B. Mitchell to pick up supplies, cross the Chattahoochee River and proceed to establish a base of operation.
General Floyd's Georgia Militia of about 1000 troops with 300 friendly Indians began construction of a fort 150' x 250' with 2 diagonal blockhouses. Captain Jett Thomas was placed in charge of surveying and construction, while General Floyd with 500 soldiers left to fight small, nearby skirmishes and keep peace with the Indians.
Fort Mitchell's major contribution in the Creek Indian War was the Battle of Autossee near the Tallapoosa River. General Floyd was wounded in the knee but later returned to battle. The power of the Creeks was lessened by the time Andrew Jackson fought the final battle at Horseshoe Bend in March 1814.
In 1825, a second fort was built on the same site. It was a smaller, square fort 100' x 100'. The most honored guest of Alabama at this time was French General Lafayette who came to Fort Mitchell and was welcomed by Indian agent John Crowell and the Creek Indians.
Location. 32° 20.782′ N, 85° 1.039′ W. Marker Touch for map. The marker is to the right of the entrance to the replica of Fort Mitchell at the Fort Mitchell National Historic Landmark. The entrance to the landmark is just south of James Cantey Boulevard from Alabama State Highway 165. Marker is in this post office area: Fort Mitchell AL 36856, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. United States Indian Trading Post (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Fort Mitchell (here, next to this marker); Fort Mitchell Military Cemetery (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); John Crowell (was about 600 feet away but has been reported missing. ); Asbury School and Mission (about 600 feet away); James Cantey (about 600 feet away); Archaeology And Our Understanding of the Creek People (approx. ¼ mile away); The Creek Nation / The Chattahoochee Indian Heritage Center (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Mitchell.
Categories. • Forts, Castles • Native Americans • Wars, US Indian •
Credits. This page was last revised on July 10, 2018. This page originally submitted on July 10, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 57 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on July 10, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.