Berryville in Clarke County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Battle of Cool Spring
Sharp Action at the Shenandoah River
—1864 Valley Campaign —
Guided by a Confederate deserter well acquainted with the area, three brigades forded the river about a mile north of Castleman’s Ferry concealed by woodlands and virtually undetected by Early’s pickets. Federal skirmishers moved forward while the brigades formed a line of battle in the woods behind a stone fence on Cool Spring Farm (present-day Holy Cross Monastery).
Breckinridge, who was attending services at Grace Episcopal Church in Berryville when he was informed of the Federal cavalry probes, dispatched Gens. John B. Gordon’s and Gabriel C. Wharton’s divisions to positions in front of the Union line. While Confederate skirmishers engaged the Federals, Gen. Robert E. Rodes led his division behind the Southern lines to strike the Union right flank and rear. An attack by all three divisions threw the Federals into confusion, and they retreated across the river to the safety
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 7.566′ N, 77° 53.654′ W. Marker is in Berryville, Virginia, in Clarke County. Marker is at the intersection of Castleman’s Road (Virginia Route 603) and Harry Byrd Highway (Virginia Route 7), on the right when traveling east on Castleman’s Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Berryville VA 22611, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Retreat (approx. 0.4 miles away); Colonial Highway (approx. 0.9 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Cool Spring (approx. 1½ miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Cool Spring (approx. 1½ miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Cool Spring (approx. 1.7 miles away); Appalachian Trail and Bears Den Crook and Early (was approx. 2.6 miles away but has been reported missing. ); Forerunner of Wireless Telegraphy (was approx. 2.6 miles away but has been reported missing. ). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Berryville.
More about this marker. On the lower left are portraits of Gens. Early, Breckinridge, and Crook. On the right side of the marker is a strategic map showing the course of Gen. Early's Washington Raid. It contains an inset map showing the action here at Cool Springs.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Markers related to the Battle of Cool Springs and Castleman's Ferry
Also see . . . Battle of Cool Springs. Detailed National Park Service summary of the battle breaking down the action into six phases. (Submitted on December 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 21, 2017. This page originally submitted on June 19, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 6,396 times since then and 174 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on June 19, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 5. submitted on July 24, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 6. submitted on June 19, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.