Murphy in Cherokee County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Trail of Tears
Fort Butler and the Cherokee Removal of 1838
Fort Butler, located on a nearby hilltop, was the army headquarters for the Cherokee Removal in North Carolina. Tennessee Mounted Volunteers established the fort as “Camp Huntington” in July 1836. The volunteers occupied the post, which consisted of a single log blockhouse with a few log barracks buildings, through 1837. In the spring of 1838, the U.S. Army added a palisade wall, officers’ quarters, a hospital, offices, and other buildings. Brigadier General Abraham Eustis and his staff took command of the post on June 2, 1838; the 1st and 4th U.S. Artillery regiments, along with companies of the 3rd Regiment of North Carolina Volunteer Militia, camped nearby.
On June 12, 1838, state and federal troops began the mass arrests of Cherokees in North Carolina. Some Cherokee prisoners were brought directly from their homes to Fort Butler,
Lt. E.D. Keyes’ 1838 schematic map of army posts in the Cherokee Nation depicts Fort Butler as the hub for army operations in the “Eastern Division”.
This December 1837 drawing of Fort Butler is the only contemporary depiction of an army post in the Cherokee Nation at the time of removal. The drawing indicates a single blockhouse and a row of officers’ quarters; other blockhouses and a palisade wall were probably added before the removal operations began.
Lt. John Phelps drew scenes of everyday life in the army encampments around Fort Butler in 1838.
Erected by North Carolina Chapter of the Trail of Tears Association.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Trail of Tears marker series.
Location. 35° 5.162′ N, 84° 2.213′ W. Marker is in Murphy, North Carolina, in Cherokee County. Marker is on Railroad Street west of Valley River Avenue (Business U.S. 19), on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is located in front of the old L&N Railroad Depot. Marker is at or near this postal address: 4 Railroad St, Murphy NC 28906, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Murphy North Carolina Rail (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort Butler (about 800 feet away, measured in a direct line); Cherokee War (approx. 0.2 miles away); Nuya Saligugi (approx. ¼ mile away); Unicoi Turnpike Trail (approx. ¼ mile away); Site of Fort Butler (approx. 0.3 miles away); a different marker also named Trail of Tears (approx. 5.4 miles away); North Carolina / Georgia (was approx. 7.1 miles away but has been reported missing. ). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Murphy.
Also see . . . Fort Butler. (Submitted on July 18, 2018, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee.)
Categories. • Forts, Castles • Native Americans •
Credits. This page was last revised on July 19, 2018. This page originally submitted on July 18, 2018, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 25 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on July 18, 2018, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.