“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Franklin in Williamson, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)

Civil War Franklin

The African-American Experience

Civil War Franklin Marker image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, July 18, 2018
1. Civil War Franklin Marker
Inscription. In 1860, African-Americans—both enslaved and free—made up more than half of Franklin's residents, as well as half of Williamson County's population. When the Federal army arrived late in 1862, many slaves freed themselves by escaping to Union lines, where they established their own businesses, churches, and schools. By the end of 1863, many freedmen had joined the United States Colored Troops (USCT).

Local slave James Moore escaped and joined the 111th USCT as a private in 1864. Captured at the Battle of Athens, Alabama he was sent to a Confederate prison in Selma. He survived the war and settled near Thompson's Station.

A.N.C. Williams born a slave in 1844, did not join the army. In 1863, he and William Perkins established Franklin's first black-owned business, a shoe repair, and manufacturing shop. It was destroyed in 1864 during the Battle of Franklin. Undaunted, Williams opened a general store downtown. For sixty years, he catered to both black and white patrons despite Jm Crow laws and racial segregation.

After the war, former slave Harvey McLemore built a house among a skilled labor force of carpenters, a rock mason, blacksmiths, mill workers, and domestic servants in Hard Bargain neighborhood. the dwellings stayed in his family for 117 years currently houses the Mclemore House Museum.

Civil War Franklin Marker image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, July 18, 2018
2. Civil War Franklin Marker
was given Carrie McGavock as a wedding gift, lived at Carnton Plantation. Mariah was sent south with other slaves to keep them from escaping. She returned as a free woman… …Franklin resident, and died in 1922.
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 35° 54.244′ N, 86° 51.495′ W. Marker is in Franklin, Tennessee, in Williamson. Marker is on Eastern Flank Circle 0.4 miles south of Lewisburg Pike (Business U.S. 431), on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Located north of historic Carnton. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1345 Eastern Flank Circle, Franklin TN 37064, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Civil War Franklin (here, next to this marker); Maj. Gen. William W. Loring's Division (within shouting distance of this marker); Carnton Plantation (within shouting distance of this marker); The Final Campaign 1864 (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Battle of Franklin (about 300 feet away); Hood's Retreat (about 300 feet away); Standing at the Crossroads 1861 (about 300 feet away); Becoming the Front Line 1862 (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Franklin.
Categories. African AmericansIndustry & CommerceWar, US Civil
Credits. This page was last revised on July 19, 2018. This page originally submitted on July 19, 2018, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. This page has been viewed 73 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 19, 2018, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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