Shepherdstown in Jefferson County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Confederate Soldiers in Elmwood Cemetery / Colonel Henry Kyd Douglas
Over 114 Confederate soldiers who were killed at the Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam) September 17, 1862, or later died of wounds in Shepherdstown, were buried here. They were from the states of VA, NC, SC, GA, AL, MS, LA and FL. Many remain unknown. That year and each one thereafter, local townspeople strew flowers on their graves. It is believed that this was the initiation of Confederate Decoration Day (October, 1862). Later, Confederate Memorial Day was observed on the first Saturday in June. The Southern Soldiers' Memorial Association placed the obelisk monument here in 1879 and the 114 headstones in 1884. The Henry Kyd Douglas Camp of the Sons of Confederate Veterans erected the monument and bronze tablets containing names of 568 Southern soldiers from the area (1937). The State of WV contributed $750.
A total of 281 Confederate veterans are interred here including GEN W. W. Kirkland of Hillsborough, N.C., and Shepherdstown personalities COL Henry Kyd Douglas (youngest staff officer to Stonewall Jackson).Alexander R. Boteler (both a United States and Confederate Congressman, political confident of GEN Jackson and designer of the Seal of the Confederacy), COL Isaac S. Tanner (Chief Surgeon, Hoke's Division), COL Isaac V. Johnson, COL Wm. A.
Staff Officer to Stonewall Jackson
At the top of the hill in Elmwood Cemetery is the grave of COL Douglas, youngest staff officer to GEN Stonewall Jackson. Born in Shepherdstown in 1838 and raised at 'Ferry Hill Place' in Maryland across the Potomac River bridge, he is noted for his classic book, I Rode with Stonewall. Considered one of the best personal memoirs of the Civil War, it is a warm and insightful recollection of the human side of Lee's commanders in the Army of Northern Virginia. Douglas was an eyewitness to the significant events of the era (1859-1865). As a youth he unwittingly assisted John Brown in moving a wagonload of weapons and later attended Brown's trial in Charles Town. When Virginia seceded, he enlisted in the 2nd Virginia Infantry and later joined Jackson's staff.
He participated in all the major Eastern battles from Manassas to Appomattox, was cited several times for bravery, wounded twice and taken prisoner at Gettysburg. in 1864, he served in GEN Jubal Early's staff in the Raid on Washington and was later given command of GEN A.P. Hill's light Brigade. His soldiers were the last to stack arms at Appomattox. When the war ended, he was arrested
Erected by Grover Connell with Robert Mrazek and Thomas Low.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Sons of Confederate Veterans/United Confederate Veterans marker series.
Location. 39° 25.701′ N, 77° 48.727′ W. Marker is in Shepherdstown, West Virginia, in Jefferson County. Marker is on S. Duke Street, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at Elmwood Cemetery. Marker is in this post office area: Shepherdstown WV 25443, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Confederate Dead (within shouting distance of this marker); Elmwood Cemetery (within shouting distance of this marker); Spirit of 1775 (within shouting distance of this marker); Elmwood Cemetery Vault (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named The Spirit of 1775 (was approx. 0.2 miles away but has been reported Trinity Episcopal Church (approx. 0.3 miles away); Reformed Church Parsonage (approx. 0.3 miles away); Civil War Hospital Site (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Shepherdstown.
Categories. • Cemeteries & Burial Sites • Military • Notable Persons • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 4, 2008, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 4,425 times since then and 179 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on October 4, 2008, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. 3. submitted on April 14, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 4, 5, 6. submitted on October 4, 2008, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.