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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Waynesville in Haywood County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Rutherford's Expedition

 
 
Rutherford's Expedition Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, September 11, 2018
1. Rutherford's Expedition Marker
Inscription. In 1776, Revolutionary War General Griffith Rutherford led 2,400 men through the gap below and to your left. During the war's early phases the Cherokee, with British support, repeatedly attacked the frontier settlements. Rutherford's expedition was a major frontier offensive to subdue the Cherokee.

Rutherford's forces destroyed as many as 36 villages along the river valleys in this area, forcing the Cherokeesí retreat into the Great Smoky Mountains. Although skirmishes with the Cherokee continued, the colonists' major military efforts were then directed to battles with the British on the eastern seaboard.
 
Erected by National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Location. 35° 26.335′ N, 83° 3.768′ W. Marker is near Waynesville, North Carolina, in Haywood County. Marker is on Blue Ridge Parkway (at milepost 441.9), on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is located at the Rabb Knob overlook. Marker is in this post office area: Waynesville NC 28786, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Rutherford Trace (approx. 0.6 miles away); Plott Hound (approx. 3.9 miles away); Browning Knob
Marker detail: Rutherford Trace map image. Click for full size.
2. Marker detail: Rutherford Trace map
Rutherford launched his devastating foray from Davidson's Fort, which is today the town of Old Fort. The General tried to surprise the Cherokee and often departed from known roads and paths.
(approx. 4.6 miles away); Waynesville Engagement (approx. 4.8 miles away); Thomas's Resting Place (approx. 5.1 miles away); Felix Walker (approx. 5.2 miles away); Martin's Surrender (approx. 5.2 miles away); Museum Of N.C. Handicrafts (approx. 5.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Waynesville.
 
Also see . . .
1. Rutherford Light Horse expedition. The Rutherford expedition was a punitive military excursion launched against the Lower, Middle, and Overhill Cherokee settlements of the Cherokee Indians in the Appalachian region of North Carolina. This was in retaliation for the Native Indian attacks made against the European American settlements of the Watauga Association in July 1776, in an early action of the American War of Independence. The expedition, which took place on the American frontier and resulted in the destruction of six Cherokee towns, ran from October 17 until November 16, 1776. It was led by Captain William Moore, acting directly under the command of Brigadier General Griffith Rutherford. (Submitted on September 18, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

2. Rutherford's Expedition against the Indians, 1776
Rutherford's Expedition Marker (<i>wide view; Rabb Knob overlook in background</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, September 11, 2018
3. Rutherford's Expedition Marker (wide view; Rabb Knob overlook in background)
. General Rutherford was skilled in Indian warfare and knew the advantage of swift and sudden movement, and the disadvantages of allowing the Indian enemies an opportunity of harassing his army in the coves of the mountains while on the march. His men were well armed and equipped, and every precaution was taken to proceed with dispatch, and secrecy, and not only to make the expedition successful but to put an end to all apprehensions of any future trouble from the Indians. When Rutherford moved, he proceeded with great rapidity and with such secrecy that he passed fifty miles into the wilderness without being discovered by the Indians. His route was said to have been across the Blue Ridge at Swannanoa Gap, then following the Swannanoa to its junction with the French Broad, across the latter river at Warrior Ford. (Submitted on September 18, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

3. The Rutherford Expedition. The Cherokees of western North Carolina in the mid-eighteenth century were part of a mighty nation, with a population of 36,000 controlling more than 140,000 square miles across the Southeast. That population was reduced to 7,000 by the 1770s as the native people felt the full impact of European settlers and ceded their lands through a series of treaties. In 1776, at the outset of the American
Rabb Knob Overlook Sign (<i>located near marker</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, September 11, 2018
4. Rabb Knob Overlook Sign (located near marker)
Revolution, the two cultures clashed. (Submitted on September 18, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Categories. Native AmericansSettlements & SettlersWar, US RevolutionaryWars, US Indian
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 19, 2018. This page originally submitted on September 15, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 40 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on September 18, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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