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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Dorchester in Dorset County, England, United Kingdom
 

The Roman Walls

 
 
The Roman Walls Marker image. Click for full size.
By Michael Herrick, August 3, 2018
1. The Roman Walls Marker
Inscription.
The Roman Walls
This is the only surviving section of Dorchester's Roman walls.

The Roman town of Dorchester, called Durnovaria, was a provincial capital with a garrison of soldiers. The town was protected on three sides by walls and ditches, and on the north side by a wall and the river.

The walls were built by order of the governor Augustus, when he took the British legions to the continent to make himself emperor. Protective walls enabled towns to maintain control with smaller army units. In Dorchester there is also some evidence of an earlier wall.

Stone for the walls was quarried in the Ridgeway quarries, a few miles away near Upwey, and probably transported here by oxen cart. Blocks were shaped with iron tools and cemented together with lime mortar. The stones here are the inner rubble core of the wall; they would have been faced with straighter blocks each side. Most of the stone was recycled by later generations and used in other buildings in the town, but you can still see the line of the Roman walls by following the tree-lined Walks around Dorchester.

This section has been incorporated into a garden wall since at least the early 19th century. It was given to the town by Lucia Stone in 1886.

"Casterbridge announced old Rome in every street, alley and precinct.
The Roman Walls Marker image. Click for full size.
By Michael Herrick, August 3, 2018
2. The Roman Walls Marker
It looked Roman, bespoke the art of Rome, concealed dead men of Rome. It was impossible to dig more than a foot or two deep about the town fields and gardens without coming across some tall soldier or other of the Empire, who had lain there in his silent unobtrusive rest for a space of fifteen hundred years. He was mostly found lying on his side, in an oval scoop in the chalk, like a chicken in its shell: his knees drawn up to his chest; sometimes with the remains of his spear against his arm; a fibula or brooch of bronze on his breast or forehead; an urn at his knees, a jar at his throat, a bottle at his mouth; and mystified conjecture pouring down upon him from the eyes of Casterbridge street boys and men, who had turned a moment to gaze at the familiar spectacle as they passed by.

Imaginative inhabitants, who would have felt an unpleasantness at the discovery of a comparatively modern skeleton in their gardens, were quite unmoved by these hoary shapes. They had lived so long ago, their time was so unlike the present, their hopes and motives were so widely removed from ours, that between them and the living there seemed to stretch a gulf too wide for even a spirit to pass."

Thomas Hardy, The Mayor of Casterbridge.
 
Location. 50° 42.7′ N, 2° 26.417′ W. Marker is in Dorchester
Detail from the Marker image. Click for full size.
By Michael Herrick, August 3, 2018
3. Detail from the Marker
Aerial view showing the Walks. The Walks were laid out at the same time as the Boulevards (tree-lined walks) in Paris. Other than in Fordington, on the eastern side, Dorchester did not expand much beyond its Roman walls until the 19th century.
, England, in Dorset County. Marker is on West Wall Walks Road just from Bowling Alley Walk, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Dorchester, England DT1 1UD, United Kingdom.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Dorchester World War II Monument (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); The Trafalgar Way (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Tolpuddle Martyrs (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Holy Trinity Church World War I Memorial (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Benjamin Ferrey Architect (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); The Town Pump (approx. half a kilometer away); St Peter’s Parish World War I Memorial (approx. half a kilometer away); a different marker also named Benjamin Ferrey Architect (approx. half a kilometer away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Dorchester.
 
Categories. Forts, Castles
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 22, 2018. This page originally submitted on September 22, 2018, by Michael Herrick of Southbury, Connecticut. This page has been viewed 34 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on September 22, 2018, by Michael Herrick of Southbury, Connecticut.
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