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Hot Springs in Fall River County, South Dakota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

Battle Mountain

 
 
Battle Mountain Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, August 16, 2016
1. Battle Mountain Marker
Inscription. According to tradition, American Indians were stricken with an epidemic known as “fell disease” about the middle of the 16th century that threatened to obliterate the tribes. A messenger arrived from the Great West with news of a wonderful water which, he said, had been touched by the finger of the Great Spirit and would cure all manner of diseases. Indians came to these springs by the thousands.

After a lapse of more than 200 years, the Cheyenne took possession of the springs and built an immense tipi city covering hundreds of acres.

In the following years, the Sioux migrated west and disputed the ownership of the springs. This culminated in a fierce conflict in about 1869, the memory of which is preserved in the name of the eminence to the east, Battle Mountain, where the besieged Cheyenne established fortifications. The Sioux won the battle and possession of the springs which they called Wi-wi-la-kah-to (Springs - hot). They called the area Minnekahta (Water - hot) and termed the Black Hills a great “Medicine Home.”

After the Battle Mountain fight, tradition says the Sioux and Cheyenne agreed to allow the springs to be a health sanctuary to give their sick and lame the benefit of the healing waters. Around 1880, pioneers began to settle the area.
 
Erected
Battle Mountain Marker (<i>tall view from Battle Mountain Avenue</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, August 16, 2016
2. Battle Mountain Marker (tall view from Battle Mountain Avenue)
1990 by The City of Hot Springs, The South Dakota State Historical Society and the State Department of Transportation. (Marker Number 509.)
 
Location. 43° 26.433′ N, 103° 28.499′ W. Marker is in Hot Springs, South Dakota, in Fall River County. Marker is at the intersection of Battle Mountain Avenue (U.S. 385) and Sherman Street, on the right when traveling north on Battle Mountain Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is located at the intersection where Sherman Street heads uphill from US Highway 385. Marker is in this post office area: Hot Springs SD 57747, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. An Old Jail - 1888 (approx. 0.4 miles away); Sandstone Architecture of Hot Springs, SD (approx. half a mile away); The Mammoth Site of Hot Springs, SD (approx. 1.3 miles away); Hot Springs, SD (approx. 1.7 miles away); Leslie Jensen Scenic Drive (approx. 3.8 miles away); Fall River Falls (approx. 4.3 miles away); The CCC's Enduring Legacy (approx. 8 miles away); Paha Sapa Limestone (approx. 8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hot Springs.
 
Also see . . .
1. Battle Mountain. In ancient times, Battle Mountain was used by Native Americans for flint to create arrowheads. According to legend,
Battle Mountain Marker (<i>wide view from Battle Mountain Avenue</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, August 16, 2016
3. Battle Mountain Marker (wide view from Battle Mountain Avenue)
the thermal springs of the Fall River valley became popular to Native Americans, ultimately leading to a battle in 1869 between the Cheyenne and Sioux tribes for control of the springs, hence the name “Battle Mountain”. (Submitted on October 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

2. Hot Springs, South Dakota. The Sioux and Cheyenne people had long frequented the area, appreciating its warm springs. According to several accounts, including a ledger art piece by the Oglala Lakota artist Amos Bad Heart Bull, Native Americans considered the springs sacred. European settlers arrived in the second half of the 19th century. They first named the city "Minnekahta" after its Lakota name. It was renamed Hot Springs in 1882, which is a translation of the Native American name. A variety of health resorts were built on the tourism offered by the springs. (Submitted on October 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

3. History of Hot Springs, South Dakota. The southern portion of the Black Hills contains a reservoir of geothermal energy in which permeable rock containing water lies above a heat source. The heated water rises to a cap of impermeable rock, where fissures allow some of the warm water to flow to the surface as thermal springs. Early inhabitants of the plains region surrounding the Black Hills utilized these hot-water springs to ease bodily pains and treat illnesses. Local legend says the Cheyenne Indians became possessors of the springs, but a battle for custody of the waters took place on a peak overlooking the waters, now named Battle Mountain, adjacent to the city of Hot Springs. (Submitted on October 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Categories. Native AmericansScience & MedicineSettlements & Settlers
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 2, 2018. This page originally submitted on October 1, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 30 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on October 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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