Near Leesburg in Loudoun County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Martin Buchanan, USCT
A Place of Hopes and Dreams - Gleedsville
After the Emancipation Proclamation was issued in 1863, the U.S. Army began recruiting both free blacks and slaves in occupied areas. More than 5,000 men were mustered into six United States Colored Troops (USCT) regiments raised in Virginia. Among the 250 from Loudoun County was 19-year-old Martin Van Buren Buchanan, born of a free mother and a father enslaved at nearby Oatlands. Buchanan enlisted on September 30, 1863, for three years in Co. G, 2nd USCT, organized in Arlington. The regiment served in Florida until the end of the war and fought engagements at Cedar Keys and Fort Taylor. Buchanan was promoted to corporal in November 1863. He was mustered out January 5, 1866, and returned here to his family.
After the war, former Oatlands slaves and other African Americans
In 1890, Gleedsville residents including trustee Martin Buchanan built the Mt. Olive A.M.E. Church behind you. They worked at night by candlelight, using rocks from the fields for the foundation and cutting pines and oaks for the siding, floor, and pews. The walls are covered with wainscoting in a shiplap pattern that gives the church the appearance of an ark inside. It is the only surviving building in this postwar freedman's village.
Erected 2015 by Loudoun County Civil War Sesquicentennial Committee and Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 3.054′ N, 77° 36.179′ W. Marker is near Leesburg, Virginia, in Loudoun County. Marker is at the intersection of Gleedsville Road (County Road 650) and Stone Fox Court, on the right when traveling north on Gleedsville Road Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 20460 Gleedsville Road, Leesburg VA 20175, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Oatlands (approx. one mile away); a different marker also named Oatlands (approx. one mile away); Carriage House (approx. 1.1 miles away); Rokeby (approx. 1.6 miles away); Saving the Declaration of Independence / The War of 1812 (approx. 2.6 miles away); Electric Trains on the W&OD (approx. 4.4 miles away); The Great Falls Line (approx. 4.4 miles away); The Leesburg Lime Company (approx. 4.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Leesburg.
Categories. • African Americans • Churches & Religion • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on October 8, 2018. This page originally submitted on October 8, 2018, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 33 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on October 8, 2018, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.