Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Bancroft in Caribou County, Idaho — The American West (Mountains)
 

Historic Chesterfield

 
 
Historic Chesterfield Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 13, 2018
1. Historic Chesterfield Marker
Inscription. Mormon pioneers settled this area along the Oregon Trail in the 1880s. The town was named Chesterfield because it reminded some of the countryside around Chesterfield, England, and to honor the settlement's founder, Chester Call.
A traditional Mormon townsite grid was laid out with 10-acre square blocks, divided into four 2.5-acre square lots. The streets were 99 feet (6 rods) wide with 16-foot sidewalks at each side. In 1885, colonists drew lots for their land allocations within the town. Following completion of a brick kiln east of town, several substantial red brick buildings were erected. Soon, a church meeting house, social hall, tithing office, and school were built, helping to establish a community.
By 1900, Chesterfield had 418 people. Chesterfield thrived for a period before new trends in farming and transportation led to its decline. With long, cold winters, dry farming was tenuous. Families worked together providing a true sense of community. The men helped each other with farm chores. They took horse-drawn wagons into the canyons to haul wood for heating and cooking, and to supply the schoolhouse and church meeting house. Women gathered for quilting, sewing, and visiting, which provided a social outlet and helped conserve wood. A dance was held in the Amusement Hall nearly every week. The agriculture depression
Historic Chesterfield Marker, detail image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 13, 2018
2. Historic Chesterfield Marker, detail
of the 1920s and Great Depression ended the hopes of this early settlement. Farming in Chesterfield area today consists mainly of large dry farms and ranches.
Proponents of Chesterfield refused to give up their dream. The Chesterfield Foundation, formed by local citizens in 1980, is dedicated to preserving Chesterfield's heritage. The entire site has been placed on the National Register of Historic Paces.
 
Erected by Pioneer Historic Byway.
 
Location. 42° 51.714′ N, 111° 53.892′ W. Marker is near Bancroft, Idaho, in Caribou County. Marker is at the intersection of Chesterfield Road and 24 Mile Road on Chesterfield Road. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1304 Chesterfield Road, Bancroft ID 83217, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 4 other markers are within 10 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Oregon Trail Campsite (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Meeting House (approx. 0.4 miles away); Settlement Along the Trail (approx. 0.4 miles away); Bancroft's First School (approx. 9.9 miles away).
 
Categories. Churches & ReligionRoads & VehiclesSettlements & Settlers
 
Historic Chesterfield Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 13, 2018
3. Historic Chesterfield Marker
Chesterfield in the background
Chesterfield General Store (Visitors Center) image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 13, 2018
4. Chesterfield General Store (Visitors Center)
Adrian Ruger dugout image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 13, 2018
5. Adrian Ruger dugout
Brick House image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 14, 2018
6. Brick House
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 11, 2018. This page originally submitted on October 11, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 32 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on October 11, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.
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