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Bulla Pufels in Castelrotto, South Tyrol, Italy
 

The Watermills of Bulla

 
 
The Watermills of Bulla Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 10, 2018
1. The Watermills of Bulla Marker
Inscription. Historical documents going back to 1288 already testify to the existence of various farms in Bulla. The farming community of those days definitely recognized the importance of hydraulic energy to grind grain. In fact, an entry in the land registry of the municipality of Castelrotto of 1554 confirms this.
The mills were used privately as well as by by the whole community. Farmers could grind their grain at a specified time, but in exchange were also responsible for the maintenance and care of the mills. Today, in the Bulla valley there are three mills that have remained intact: Droch, Rumanon and Zaramin. Particularly skilled craftsmen from the village built all the various components of the mills with there own hands. Only the millstones came from Sesto in the Val Pusteria, because Sesto stone given its combination of slate and quartz was sufficiently hard and therefore suitable.
The water channeled to a wooden mill wheel set in motion and the kinetic energy produced caused the grinding stone to start work. In this way barley, rye, wheat and some oats were processed into meal and flour. Unfortunately, in the 1970s this milling activity was completely abandoned. On the initiative of the local nature and heritage association, "Lia per Natura y Usanzes", the mills have been expertly renovated in recent years and as a result of
The Watermills of Bulla Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 10, 2018
2. The Watermills of Bulla Marker
this intervention their existence has been preserved for all time.

Texts in German, Italian and Ladin, the local language of Val Gardena, also appears on this marker.
 
Erected by Lia per Natura y Usanzes.
 
Location. 46° 33.438′ N, 11° 38.053′ E. Marker is in Bulla Pufels, South Tyrol, in Castelrotto. Marker can be reached from Frazione Bulla. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 39040, Bulla Pufels, South Tyrol 39040, Italy.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 2 other markers are within 6 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Ortisei War Memorial (approx. 3.5 kilometers away); Josef Riehl (approx. 5.8 kilometers away).
 
More about this marker. The mill are found on a trail leading south from the village of Bulla Pufels.
 
Also see . . .  George Washington's Gristmill at Mount Vernon -- YouTube. See, hear, and feel the power of our working gristmill here at Mount Vernon. This video shows many of the marvelous working parts of this authentic 18th-century gristmill. You can always learn more about Washington and his gristmill operation at: http://www.mountvernon.org/gristmill. (Submitted on November 7, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.)
The Mill water race image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 10, 2018
3. The Mill water race
 
 
Categories. ArchitectureIndustry & Commerce
 
Water wheels image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 10, 2018
4. Water wheels
The mill grinding stones image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 10, 2018
5. The mill grinding stones
The sifting box image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 10, 2018
6. The sifting box
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 7, 2018. This page originally submitted on November 7, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 48 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on November 7, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.
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