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Near Arbel, Lower Galilee Regional Council, Israel
 

Arbel Ancient Synagogue /

Beautiful ruins of an ancient synagogue from the 4th century BCE.

 

—בית הכנסת העתיק —

 
Arbel Ancient synagogue Marker image. Click for full size.
By Erez Speiser, 2016
1. Arbel Ancient synagogue Marker
Inscription. The synagogue was discovered in 1905 by H. Kohl and C. Waltzinger.

It is a square building belonging to the Galilean type of synagogue with a number of special components:

• The main entrance in the eastern wall.
• The niche for holy ark in the wall facing Jerusalem.
• The arrangement of the benches.

 
Erected by Israel Nature and Parks Authority.
 
Location. 32° 49.266′ N, 35° 29.662′ E. Marker is near Arbel, Lower Galilee Regional Council. Touch for map.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Domestic Building (approx. 5.9 kilometers away in Northern District); The Architecture of Tiberias (approx. 5.9 kilometers away in Northern District); The Synagogue (approx. 5.9 kilometers away in Northern District); "Magic on the sea of galilee..." (approx. 6 kilometers away in Northern District); Doors of Burial Caves / Burial Customs - Sarcophagi (approx. 6 kilometers away in Northern District); The Crusader-Ottoman Building / Millstones (approx. 6 kilometers away in Northern District); The Southern Wall (approx. 6 kilometers away in Northern District); Church of Heptapegon (approx. 7.8 kilometers away in Northern District).
 
Regarding Arbel Ancient Synagogue /.

Ruins of Arbel Ancient synagogue image. Click for full size.
By Hanay / Wikimedia, circa 2000
2. Ruins of Arbel Ancient synagogue
Arbel is notable for the ruins of an ancient synagogue, one of the oldest synagogues in the world, which stands amid the remnants of an ancient Jewish village on the western edge of the moshav.



The door of the synagogue, still standing, was carved from a massive natural outcropping of limestone, and the synagogue itself situated so as to make use of the stone as a handsome door. It is carved with decorative floral motifs and medallions. A carved groove for a mezuzah can be seen. Three sides of the building had carved stone benches. The two story building had three rows of columns with Corinthian capitals on the first floor and Ionic capitals on the second floor. It was also a site fortified by Zahir al-Umar.
 
Also see . . .
1. Mount Arbel Hike. A hike that includes a visit to the site along the way (Submitted on November 10, 2018, by Erez Speiser of Rakefet.) 

2. Arbel National Park official site. (Submitted on November 10, 2018, by Erez Speiser of Rakefet.)
3. The Ancient Synagogue of Arbel: Calamity and Charity. (Submitted on November 10, 2018, by Erez Speiser of Rakefet.)
 
Additional keywords. Archaeology
 
Categories. AnthropologyChurches & Religion

 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 10, 2018. This page originally submitted on November 10, 2018, by Erez Speiser of Rakefet. This page has been viewed 35 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on November 10, 2018, by Erez Speiser of Rakefet. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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