“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Kasmil in Municipality of Sarandé, Vlorė (county), Albania

The channel-side city wall

Muret e qytetit pėrgjatė Kanalit tė Vivarit

The channel-side city wall Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 23, 2018
1. The channel-side city wall Marker
Caption: Photogrammetric interpretation of the Water Gate. (Click on the marker image to enlarge it a view the color interpretation of the ages of the walls.)
Inscription. The texts on this marker are written in Albanian (shqip) (top left) and English (top right). Only the English text has been transcribed. To read the Albanian (shqip) text, enlarge the marker image by clicking on it.


The waning power of the Roman Empire in the West initiated substantial changes at Butrint that are reflected in the construction of a new defensive wall in the second quarter of the 6th century AD. Built somewhat expediently, the new city wall encompassed the lowest-lying parts of the peninsula, protecting an area twice as large as that included by the Hellenistic defences.
New wall sections along the Vivari Channel waterfront, incorporated ruinous Roman structures and blocking the view of contemporary buildings such as the Triconch Palace. Access to the Channel was preserved, however, through maintenance of earlier gates, such as the Lake Gate, and the construction of new ones, the best preserved of which is the Water Gate.
Large sections of the channel-side wall can be seen today between the Triconch Palace and the Lake Gate, including much of the Water Gate, date from a period of reconstruction in the late 11th century. Further refurbishment took place in the 13th century, when Butrint and the surrounding region belonged to the Despotate of Epirus. Renewed need for defence
The City Wall, the Water Gate and Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 23, 2018
2. The City Wall, the Water Gate and Marker
at this time saw reinforcement of the wall with new towers and the narrowing of gates.
The remains of the channel-side city wall, once badly overgrown and dilapidated have been conserved by local masons during the 2007-11. Clearance of invasive woodland has allowed a new set of visitor trails to be established along the entire length of the fortifications.
Erected by Parku Kombėtar Butrint and Albanian American Development Foundation.
Location. 39° 44.752′ N, 20° 1.406′ E. Marker is in Kasmil, Vlorė (county), in Municipality of Sarandé. Marker can be reached from Route SH81, on the left. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Kasmil, Vlorė (county) 9706, Albania.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Baptistery and its mosaic pavements (within shouting distance of this marker); The Great Basilica (within shouting distance of this marker); Roman Town Planning (about 120 meters away, measured in a direct line); The Roman Forum (about 210 meters away); The Expansion of Butrint (about 240 meters away); The Theatre (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); The Sanctuary of Asclepius (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); The Lion Gate (approx. 0.3 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Kasmil.
More about this marker. The marker is located in Butrint National Park, just north of the ferry on route SH81.
Categories. Forts, CastlesSettlements & Settlers
Credits. This page was last revised on November 29, 2018. This page originally submitted on November 29, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 37 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on November 29, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.
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