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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Kasmil in Municipality of Sarandé, Vlorė (county), Albania
 

The Lion Gate

Porta e Luanit

 
 
The Lion Gate Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 23, 2018
1. The Lion Gate Marker
Captions: (upper right) Detail of the Lion relief; (center right) Plan of the Gate showing the location of the Fountain and a later church; (Legend) Yellow; Hellenistic wall and gate, Pink: Roman Fountain, Gray: Medieval church; (bottom right) Detail of the Christian wall painting above the well.
Inscription. The texts on this marker are written in Albanian (shqip) (top left) and English (bottom left). Only the English text has been transcribed. To read the Albanian (shqip) text, enlarge the marker image by clicking on it.

English:

The so-called Lion Gate takes its name from the relief depicting a lion devouring the head of a bull positioned above the entrance.
The lion relief was not part of the original wall, but was placed here in the 5th century AD, in order to reduce the size of the gate and make it easier to defend. The relief is from a temple building and may date as early as the 6th century BC.
As you pass through the gate you will see a spring which, during Roman times, was associated with the cult of nymphs. An inscription in front of the well records that a citizen of Butrint, June Rufina, paid for its refurbishment in the 2nd century AD:
IOYNIA POYΦEINA NYMΦΩN ΦIΛH
"Junia Rufina friend of nymphs"
When it was first excavated, Christian motifs were discovered on the back wall of the well, suggesting that the pagan spring had been Christianised (sic) in the 5th or 6th centuries AD.
 
Erected by Parku Kombėtar Butrint and Albanian American Development Foundation.
 
Location.
The Lion Gate image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 23, 2018
2. The Lion Gate
39° 44.868′ N, 20° 1.248′ E. Marker is in Kasmil, Vlorė (county), in Municipality of Sarandé. Marker can be reached from Route SH81, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Kasmil, Vlorė (county) 9706, Albania.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Roman Forum (about 180 meters away, measured in a direct line); The Great Basilica (approx. 0.2 kilometers away); The Expansion of Butrint (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); The Theatre (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); The Sanctuary of Asclepius (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Roman Town Planning (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Sacred Origins (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); The Baptistery and its mosaic pavements (approx. 0.3 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Kasmil.
 
More about this marker. The marker is located in Butrint National Park, just north of the ferry on route SH81.
 
Categories. Churches & ReligionForts, CastlesSettlements & Settlers
 
The Lion Gate image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 23, 2018
3. The Lion Gate
Butrint ruins image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 23, 2018
4. Butrint ruins
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 30, 2018. This page originally submitted on November 30, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 66 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on November 30, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.
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