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St. Augustine in St. Johns County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Evacuation

Fort Mose Historic State Park

 
 
Evacuation Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, December 10, 2014
1. Evacuation Marker
Inscription. Spain ceded Florida to England in 1763, and Mose residents departed with other colonists for Cuba.

During Fort Mose's final years, life on the frontier grew more difficult. Constant attacks by English and Indian raiding parties drove Mose residents to seek protection each night inside St. Augustine's fortified walls. The English capture of Havana in 1762 sealed the fate of Florida's Spanish settlements.

The peace treaty ending the Seven Years' War called for Spain to transfer Florida to England in return for the more valuable island of Cuba. Rather than face an uncertain life under English rule, Mose residents joined the exodus of over 3,000 Spanish colonists to Cuba. There life began again for these frontier warriors and their families.

Did Any Mose Residents Return to Florida?
We don't really know. Historians have found documents in Cuba that may reveal the answer to this question, but further research is needed.
 
Erected by Fort Mose Historic State Park.
 
Location. 29° 55.743′ N, 81° 19.507′ W. Marker is in St. Augustine, Florida, in St. Johns County. Marker is on Fort Mose Trail 0.2 miles east of North Ponce De Leon Boulevard (U.S. 1), on the right when traveling
Marker detail: Map of Spanish Florida and Cuba image. Click for full size.
From Deagan & MacMahon, 1995
2. Marker detail: Map of Spanish Florida and Cuba
Map of Spanish Florida and Cuba showing the Matanzas province where St. Augustine residents settled.
north. Touch for map. Marker is located in Fort Mose Historic State Park, beside the sidewalk leading from the parking lot to the visitor center. Marker is at or near this postal address: 15 Fort Mose Trail, Saint Augustine FL 32084, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fort Mose II (a few steps from this marker); Bloody Mose (a few steps from this marker); El Pueblo de Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de Mose (a few steps from this marker); Fort Mose I (within shouting distance of this marker); Escape & Flight (within shouting distance of this marker); British Enslavement (within shouting distance of this marker); Middle Passage (within shouting distance of this marker); African Origins (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in St. Augustine.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Fort Mose Historic State Park
 
Also see . . .
1. Treaty of Paris, 1763. The Treaty of Paris of 1763 ended the French and Indian War/Seven Years' War between Great Britain and France, as well as their respective allies. In the terms of the treaty, France gave up all its territories in mainland North America, effectively ending any
Marker detail: Treaty of Paris image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner
3. Marker detail: Treaty of Paris
The Treaty of Paris signified the end of the French and Indian War, giving control of Florida to the British.
foreign military threat to the British colonies there. Spain would retain Cuba in exchange for handing Florida over to Great Britain. (Submitted on December 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

2. Timeline of St. Augustine History. In accordance with the Treaty of Paris the Spanish inhabitants of St. Augustine prepare to leave the city in 1764 as Florida is ceded to the British. Most evacuate to Cuba, including the free blacks of Mose. The British divide Florida into two colonies, East and West Florida. James Grant is appointed Governor of East Florida, with John Moultrie serving as Lieutenant Governor. George Johnstone served as first Governor of West Florida. The British rule Florida until 1783. (Submitted on December 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

3. Francisco Menéndez. Together with most of the Spanish colonists from St. Augustine and the Fort Mosé community, Francisco Menéndez was evacuated by the Spanish crown to Cuba. There he established a similar community called St. Augustine of the New Florida. (Submitted on December 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

4. Fort Mose Historic State Park. Florida Department of Environmental Protection (Submitted on December 3, 2018.) 
 
Categories. African AmericansColonial EraForts, CastlesSettlements & Settlers
 
Marker detail: 1764 maps illustrate assimilation of Fort Mose’s free blacks into St. Augustine city image. Click for full size.
Courtesy of James R. Landers
4. Marker detail: 1764 maps illustrate assimilation of Fort Mose’s free blacks into St. Augustine city
Evacuation Marker (<i>wide view</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, December 10, 2014
5. Evacuation Marker (wide view)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 2, 2019. This page originally submitted on December 1, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 61 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on December 1, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.   2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on December 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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