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Rimouski in Rimouski-Neigette MRC, Quebec — French Canadian Region
 

Les pilotes / The pilots

 
 
Les pilotes / The pilots Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., August 16, 2018
1. Les pilotes / The pilots Marker
Inscription.  

Le plus vieux métier du pays
Naviguer sur le Saint-Laurent est très risqué. Les Européens l'ont vite compris. Par conséquent, on fait appel aux pilotes depuis les débuts du Régime français. Avec le temps, le métier s'est perpétué et professionnalisé.

La première station officielle de pilotage a vu le jour au Bic en 1762. Au 19e siècle, Pointe-au-Père lui fait concurrence, surtout depuis que la Montreal Ocean Steamship Company y a construit un phare et installé ses pilotes. La station officielle y déménage en 1905; elle y restera 54 ans. Depuis 1960, les pilotes assurent le service à partir des Escoumins, sur la rive nord, perpétuant une tradition vieille de plusieurs siècles.

La ronde des pilotes
Pendant 50 ans, les pilotes utilisent une chaloupe à voiles, puis des goélettes pour se déplacer entre la terre ferme et les navires sur lesquels ils sont affectés. Sur la côte, ils disposent d'un petit abri appelé watch house, reproduit devant vous. Leurs conditions s'améliorent au début 20e siècle. L'arrivée des bateaux-pilotes, vers 1905, suit la construction du quai. Puis, quelques

Les pilotes / The pilots Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., August 16, 2018
2. Les pilotes / The pilots Marker
Nearest marker
années plus tard, le deuxième phare devient leur pied-à-terre.

[Légendes photo, en haut à gauche, dans le sens des aiguilles d'une montre, lisez]
• La chaloupe à voiles utilisée par le gardien de phare John McWilliams.

• Le bateau-pilote Eureka.

• Le bateau-pilote Citadelle.

• Le bateau-pilote Jalobert.

• La maison des pilotes dans le bâtiment du deuxième phare.

• Un pilote montant à bord d'un océanique.

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The oldest profession in the country
Navigating the St. Lawrence is extremely risky. European explorers discovered this quickly and began relying on skilled pilots early in the French Regime. Over time, piloting became an established, more professionalized occupation.

The first official pilot station opened at Le Bic in 1762. During the 19th century, it received competition from Pointe-au-Père, especially once the Montreal Ocean Steamship Company built a lighthouse and based its pilots there. In 1905 the official station relocated to Pointe-au-Père where it remained for 54 years. Navigation piloting service has been provided from Les Escoumins on the north shore since 1960, continuing a centuries-old tradition.

The pilot's life
For half a century pilots were ferried from land to their assigned ships by dinghies, then schooners. On shore, they used a small shelter called a watch house, reproduced here. Conditions improved in the early 1900s. Pilot boats began arriving around 1905, after the wharf was constructed. A few years later, the second lighthouse was converted into pilot living quarters.

[Photo captions, clockwise from top left, read]
• The dinghy used by lightkeeper John McWilliams.

• The pilot boat Eureka.

• The pilot boat Citadelle.

• The pilot boat Jalobert.

• The second lighthouse was transformed into pilot living quarters.

• A pilot boarding an ocean-going vessel.
 
Location. 48° 31.045′ N, 68° 28.15′ W. Marker is in Rimouski, Quebec, in Rimouski-Neigette MRC. Marker is on rue du Phare, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is adjacent to the Pointe-au-Père Lighthouse. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1000 rue du Phare, Rimouski, Quebec G5M 1L8, Canada.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Polyvalence / Versatility (here, next to this marker); Les gardiens de phare / The lightkeepers (here, next to this marker); Les pilotes du Saint-Laurent / St. Lawrence Pilots (a few steps from this marker); Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent (a few steps from this marker); Le phare de Pointe-au-Père / Point-au-Père Lighthouse (a few steps from this marker); Père Nouvel (within shouting distance of this marker); La station de pilotage / The pilotage station (within shouting distance of this marker); Fumée de mer / Smoke from the Sea (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Rimouski.
 
Also see . . .
1. Pilotage in Canada: Laurentian Region. (Submitted on December 6, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. The Pilots of Point-au-Père. (Submitted on December 6, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. Pilots and Lighthouse Keepers, St. Lawrence River 1866. (Submitted on December 6, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
4. Lieu historique national du Canada du Phare-de-Pointe-au-Père. (Submitted on December 6, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
5. Pointe-au-Père Lighthouse Heritage Lighthouse. (Submitted on December 6, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
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Credits. This page was last revised on December 7, 2018. This page originally submitted on December 6, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 34 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on December 6, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.
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