Pleasant Plains in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Medical Care for All
“Lift Every Voice”
óGeorgia Ave./Pleasant Plains Heritage Trail ó
Less than a decade later, Freedmenís moved near Fifth and W Streets and became Howard Universityís teaching hospital. At a time of strict segregation, Freedmenís, like the university itself, was open to all, offering high-level care and education.
Freedmenís focused on training physicians, but also became a top research institution. Pediatrician Roland Scott pioneered studies on sickle cell anemia, the genetic blood disorder that primarily affects African Americans. Washingtonian Charles R. Drew, who developed life-saving methods for mass blood banking during World War II, headed Freedmenís Surgery Department from 1941 until his death in 1950. From 1908 until 1975, Freedmenís operated in the building across the lawn from this sign, closing when Howard University Hospital opened on Georgia Avenue.
Among the Howard-associated physicians who cared
Just east of here is the edge of what oldtimers called Howardtown, an area of wood-frame houses that grew from a settlement of formerly enslaved people during and after the Civil War. The Kelly Miller Dwellings replaced much of Howardtown in the early 1940s.
A 1930 class of nursing students stood for a Scurlock portrait on Freedmenís Hospitalís front steps, left. Above, a Freedmenís orderly pushes a convalescent. Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History * National Archives and Records Administration.
Dr. Charles R. Drew, left, poses with the Red Crossís first mobile blood-collecting unit during World War II. Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Dr. Roland Scott (wearing eyeglasses) receives an incubator for Freedmenís Hospitalís babies, 1941. Afro-American Newspapers Archives and Research Center.
Howard-associated physicians Ionia Whipper, bottom right, and Simeon L. Carson, right.
A portion of old Howardtown. DC Housing Authority.
Inspectors examine the new V Street Houses, right, also visible as the horseshoe-shaped development near Griffith Stadium, far right. Just south, the Kelly Miller Dwellings are under constructions, 1941. Washingtoniana Division, DC Public Library * DC Housing Authority.
Erected 2011 by Cultural Tourism DC. (Marker Number 6.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Georgia Avenue / Pleasant Plains Heritage Trail marker series.
Location. 38° 55.218′ N, 77° 1.162′ W. Marker is in Pleasant Plains, District of Columbia, in Washington. Marker is on Bryant Street Northwest east of 6th Street Northwest, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 525 Bryant Street Northwest, Washington DC 20059, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Freedmen's Hospital (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Sara Winifred Brown, M.D. (about 500 feet away); Will Marion Cook Family Residence Site Fortitude (about 600 feet away); Phi Beta Sigma (about 600 feet away); Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc. (about 600 feet away); Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, Inc. (about 600 feet away); Tau Beta Pi (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Pleasant Plains.
Also see . . .
1. Howard University College of Medicine - History. (Submitted on January 18, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
2. C. B. Powell (1894-1977). - physician, publisher, entrepreneur, and benefactor (Submitted on January 18, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
3. Maj. Alexander Thomas Augusta, MC, U.S. Army. - Civil War medical officer, and the only Black physician among the College's original five faculty members, 1868. (Submitted on January 18, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
Additional keywords. Alexander Thomas Augusta; C. B. Powell
Categories. • African Americans • Education • Science & Medicine • War, World II •
Credits. This page was last revised on March 18, 2019. This page originally submitted on January 17, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 660 times since then and 18 times this year. Last updated on March 7, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on January 17, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 3, 4. submitted on January 18, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15. submitted on July 3, 2015, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.